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A Previously Undescribed Intron and Extensive 5′ Upstream Sequence, but Not Phox2a-mediated Transactivation, Are Necessary for High Level Cell Type-specific Expression of the Human Norepinephrine
The synaptic action of norepinephrine is terminated by NaCl-dependent uptake into presynaptic noradrenergic nerve endings, mediated by the norepinephrine transporter (NET). NET is expressed only inExpand
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Depth of a central venous catheter tip: length of insertion guideline for pediatric patients
Background:  In pediatric patients, several studies have been undertaken to establish central venous catheter (CVC) tip optimal depth. Assessments of catheter tip position using chest radiographs mayExpand
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The Influence of Passive Leg Elevation on the Cross-Sectional Area of the Internal Jugular Vein and the Subclavian Vein in Awake Adults
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of passive leg elevation and Trendelenburg position on the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the internal jugular (IJ) and subclavian veins (SCV).Expand
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Usefulness of the carina as a radiographic landmark for central venous catheter placement in paediatric patients.
BACKGROUND Several reports have proposed radiographic landmarks for the proper positioning of central venous catheters (CVC). The carina is one of the proposed landmarks in adults. Here, we evaluateExpand
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Practical anatomic landmarks for determining the insertion depth of central venous catheter in paediatric patients.
BACKGROUND Various methods have been recommended to decide a proper insertion depth of central venous catheter (CVC). The carina is recommended as a useful target level for the CVC tip position. WeExpand
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Comparison of desflurane with sevoflurane for the incidence of oculocardiac reflex in children undergoing strabismus surgery.
BACKGROUND The oculocardiac reflex (OCR) is frequently observed during strabismus surgery. This study was designed to evaluate and compare the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane on the incidence ofExpand
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Epidural Dexamethasone Influences Postoperative Analgesia after Major Abdominal Surgery.
BACKGROUND Epidurally administered dexamethasone might reduce postoperative pain. However, the effect of epidural administration of dexamethasone on postoperative epidural analgesia in majorExpand
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Removal of the laryngeal tube in children: anaesthetized compared with awake.
BACKGROUND Laryngeal tube (LT) is a useful airway device in children, but there is no objective evidence that removal of LT in awake state is better than in anaesthetized state. So, we compared theExpand
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Alternative method for predicting optimal insertion depth of the laryngeal tube in children.
BACKGROUND Little information is available about the accuracy of the teeth mark on the laryngeal tube (LT) as a guide to correct placement in children. The aim of this crossover study was to evaluateExpand
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The effect of epidural sufentanil in ropivacaine on urinary retention in patients undergoing gastrectomy.
BACKGROUND Although epidural opioids have excellent analgesic property, their side-effects limit its use in patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). This study was designed to compareExpand
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