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[Presynaptic effects of botulinum toxin type A on the neuronally evoked response of albino and pigmented rabbit iris sphincter and dilator muscles].
Data indicated that botulinum A toxin may inhibit not only the acetylcholine release in the cholinergic nerve terminals, but also substance P release from the trigeminal nerve terminals of the rabbit iris sphincter muscle. Expand
Comparison of post-junctional α-adrenoceptors in iris dilator muscle of humans, and albino and pigmented rabbits
The results suggest that the post-junctional α-adrenoceptors in iris dilator may be similar to that in pigmented rabbit iris, and albino rabbit may not be the best strain for the drug research which is relevant to human ocular therapeutics. Expand
Intraocular pressure lowering effect of brinzolamide 1.0% as adjunctive therapy to latanoprost 0.005% in patients with open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension: an uncontrolled, open-label study
The addition of brinzolamide to a latanoprost 0.005% regimen may further lower intraocular pressure in patients with open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Expand
Quantitative measurement of ocular dominance using binocular rivalry induced by retinometers
Ocular dominance can be quantitatively evaluated using this new method based on binocular rivalry and retinometers, particularly in cataract patients, and may indicate preoperatively whether a patient with cataracts will have sufficient ocular dominance to adjust to monovision correction. Expand
Full-range imaging of eye accommodation by high-speed long-depth range optical frequency domain imaging
We describe a high-speed long-depth range optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) system employing a long-coherence length tunable source and demonstrate dynamic full-range imaging of the anteriorExpand
Vasodilatory mechanism of unoprostone isopropyl on isolated rabbit ciliary artery
The mechanism of vascular smooth muscle relaxation by unoprostone differs from that of IOP reduction and does not depend on adenylylcyclase, guanylyl cyclase, or maxi-K channels, so relaxation may be mediated by inhibition of Ca 2+ entry, possibly through capacitative Ca 2 + channels. Expand
The prevalence and types of strabismus, and average of stereopsis in Japanese adults
In this study, more than 60% of the cases of exotropia were convergence insufficiency type, and this may be a characteristic in Japanese adults. Expand
Evaluation of pupil diameter after posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation
Both pupil diameters decreased transiently 1 day after ICL implantation, but soon recovered to the preoperative level, indicating that intraoperative mechanical irritation of the uveal tissue and the early postoperative inflammatory response may induce transient decreases in pupil diameter. Expand
Effect and Mechanism of Betaxolol and Timolol on Vascular Relaxation in Isolated Rabbit Ciliary Artery
Betaxolol, a selective β1-adrenoceptor antagonist, and timoll, a nonselective β- adreno receptor antagonist, both frequently used in the medical management of glaucoma, decrease [Ca2+]i by acting as Ca2+ channel blockers, thus causing relaxation of isolated rabbit ciliary artery. Expand
Causes, background, and characteristics of binocular diplopia in the elderly
It is the first epidemiological study focusing on orbital pulley disorders diagnosed on the basis of MRI, and about half of the elderly patients with binocular diplopia exhibited vertical deviation, which was often caused by orbital pulleys disorders. Expand