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Central nervous system penetration of oxycodone after intravenous and epidural administration.
BACKGROUND Despite being increasingly used for pain management, only two studies, with controversial results, have evaluated the epidural use of oxycodone. METHODS Twenty-four women, aged 26-64 yr,… Expand
Methyl-esterified 3-hydroxybutyrate oligomers protect bacteria from hydroxyl radicals.
Bacteria rely mainly on enzymes, glutathione and other low-molecular weight thiols to overcome oxidative stress. However, hydroxyl radicals are the most cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, and no… Expand
Effects of MK-467 hydrochloride and hyoscine butylbromide on cardiorespiratory and gastrointestinal changes induced by detomidine hydrochloride in horses.
- H. Tapio, M. Raekallio, +4 authors O. Vainio
- American journal of veterinary research
- 27 March 2018
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of MK-467 and hyoscine butylbromide on detomidine hydrochloride-induced cardiorespiratory and gastrointestinal changes in horses. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult horses.… Expand
Peripheral α2-adrenoceptor antagonism affects the absorption of intramuscularly coadministered drugs.
- I. Kallio-Kujala, M. Raekallio, +5 authors O. Vainio
- Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia
- 3 February 2018
OBJECTIVE We determined the possible effects of a peripherally acting α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, MK-467, on the absorption of intramuscularly (IM) coadministered medetomidine, butorphanol and… Expand
Fentanyl Pharmacokinetics in Pregnant Sheep after Intravenous and Transdermal Administration to the Ewe
- Emma M Heikkinen, H. Voipio, +9 authors A. Heikkinen
- Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology
- 1 September 2015
Fentanyl is used for pain treatment during pregnancy in human beings and animals. However, fentanyl pharmacokinetics during pregnancy has not been fully established. The aim of this study was to… Expand
A prospective, randomized, open label, controlled study investigating the efficiency and safety of 3 different methods of rectus sheath block analgesia following midline laparotomy
Background: There is a controversy regarding the efficacy of rectus sheath block (RSB). The aim of the present study was to evaluate analgesic efficacy and safety of three different methods of RSB in… Expand
Neonatal safety of maternal fentanyl during labour.
- M. Kokki, S. Westerén-Punnonen, +5 authors H. Kokki
- British journal of anaesthesia
- 1 October 2015
10). At these doses intranasal fentanyl was well tolerated, some fatiguewas reported by five andmild sedation by two subjects during fentanyl administration. In conclusion, intranasal fentanyl up to… Expand
Quantitative analysis of 4β- and 4α‑hydroxycholesterol in human plasma and serum by UHPLC/ESI-HR-MS.
- H. Hautajärvi, J. Hukkanen, M. Turpeinen, S. Mattila, A. Tolonen
- Chemistry, Medicine
- Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical…
- 15 November 2018
Cholesterol oxidation product 4β‑hydroxycholesterol (4β‑OHC) may possibly be used as an endogenous biomarker of CYP3A enzyme activity and as CYP3A4 is involved in the metabolism of approximately 50%… Expand
A Dose-Finding Study of Dexketoprofen in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial on Effects on the Analgesic Concentration of Oxycodone
BackgroundDexketoprofen has been shown to provide efficient analgesia and an opioid-sparing effect after orthopedic surgery. In this dose-finding study, we evaluated the analgesic efficacy and… Expand
The analgesic efficacy and pharmacokinetics of epidural oxycodone after gynaecological laparotomy: a randomized, double‐blind, double‐dummy comparison with intravenous administration
- P. Piirainen, H. Kokki, H. Hautajärvi, V. Ranta, M. Kokki
- British journal of clinical pharmacology
- 1 September 2018
The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of epidural and intravenous (i.v.) oxycodone at the same dose.