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Laccase detoxification mediates the nutritional alliance between leaf-cutting ants and fungus-garden symbionts
Leaf-cutting ants combine large-scale herbivory with fungus farming to sustain advanced societies. Their stratified colonies are major evolutionary achievements and serious agricultural pests, butExpand
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The Dynamics of Plant Cell-Wall Polysaccharide Decomposition in Leaf-Cutting Ant Fungus Gardens
The degradation of live plant biomass in fungus gardens of leaf-cutting ants is poorly characterised but fundamental for understanding the mutual advantages and efficiency of this obligateExpand
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Termitomyces sp. associated with the termite Macrotermes natalensis has a heterothallic mating system and multinucleate cells.
Fungi of the genus Termitomyces live in an obligate symbiosis with termites of the subfamily Macrotermitinae. Many species of Termitomyces frequently form fruit bodies, which develop from the fungusExpand
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Presumptive horizontal symbiont transmission in the fungus‐growing termite Macrotermes natalensis
All colonies of the fungus‐growing termite Macrotermes natalensis studied so far are associated with a single genetically variable lineage of Termitomyces symbionts. Such limited genetic variation ofExpand
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Diversity within the entomopathogenic fungal species Metarhizium flavoviride associated with agricultural crops in Denmark
BackgroundKnowledge of the natural occurrence and community structure of entomopathogenic fungi is important to understand their ecological role. Species of the genus Metarhizium are widespread inExpand
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Tracking developmentally regulated post-synthetic processing of homogalacturonan and chitin using reciprocal oligosaccharide probes
Polysaccharides are major components of extracellular matrices and are often extensively modified post-synthetically to suit local requirements and developmental programmes. However, our currentExpand
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EVOLUTIONARY TRANSITIONS IN ENZYME ACTIVITY OF ANT FUNGUS GARDENS
Fungus‐growing (attine) ants and their fungal symbionts passed through several evolutionary transitions during their 50 million year old evolutionary history. The basal attine lineages often shiftedExpand
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Patterns of interaction specificity of fungus-growing termites and Termitomyces symbionts in South Africa
BackgroundTermites of the subfamily Macrotermitinae live in a mutualistic symbiosis with basidiomycete fungi of the genus Termitomyces. Here, we explored interaction specificity in fungus-growingExpand
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Patterns of functional enzyme activity in fungus farming ambrosia beetles
IntroductionIn wood-dwelling fungus-farming weevils, the so-called ambrosia beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae), wood in the excavated tunnels is used as a medium for cultivatingExpand
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Variable interaction specificity and symbiont performance in Panamanian Trachymyrmex and Sericomyrmex fungus-growing ants
BackgroundCooperative benefits of mutualistic interactions are affected by genetic variation among the interacting partners, which may have consequences for interaction-specificities across guilds ofExpand
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