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Genetic Characterization of Zika Virus Strains: Geographic Expansion of the Asian Lineage
TLDR
The basal position of the ZIKV strain isolated in Malaysia in 1966 suggests that the recent outbreak in Micronesia was initiated by a strain from Southeast Asia. Expand
Host feeding pattern of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and its role in transmission of West Nile virus in Harris County, Texas.
The vertebrate hosts of 672 blood-engorged Culex quinquefasciatus Say, collected in Harris County, Texas, during 2005, were identified by nucleotide sequencing PCR products of the cytochrome b gene.Expand
Characterization of Culex Flavivirus (Flaviviridae) strains isolated from mosquitoes in the United States and Trinidad.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses of the envelope protein gene sequences of these nine mosquito isolates with those of other CFAV complex flaviviruses in GenBank indicate that the U.S. isolates group with CxFV isolates from Asia (Japan and Indonesia), while the Trinidad isolates are more similar to Cx fusing agent virus from Central America. Expand
West Nile virus infection in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus): a model for West Nile encephalitis.
TLDR
Hamsters offer an inexpensive model for studying the pathogenesis and treatment of WN virus encephalitis and were cultured from the brains of convalescent hamsters up to 53 days after initial infection, suggesting that persistent virus infection occurs. Expand
Negevirus: a Proposed New Taxon of Insect-Specific Viruses with Wide Geographic Distribution
TLDR
Six novel insect-specific viruses, isolated from mosquitoes and phlebotomine sand flies collected in Brazil, Peru, the United States, Ivory Coast, Israel, and Indonesia, appear to form a new taxon, tentatively designated Negevirus. Expand
Phylogenetic analysis of North American West Nile virus isolates, 2001-2004: evidence for the emergence of a dominant genotype.
TLDR
Se sequenced the pre-membrane and envelope genes of 74 isolates and the complete genomes of 25 isolates to determine if a dominant genotype has arisen and to better understand how the virus has evolved as its distribution has expanded. Expand
Efficacy of Killed Virus Vaccine, Live Attenuated Chimeric Virus Vaccine, and Passive Immunization for Prevention of West Nile virus Encephalitis in Hamster Model
TLDR
Although the duration of protective immunity was not determined in this study, the preliminary results and the cumulative experience of other virus vaccines suggest that the live attenuated chimeric virus provides the longest lasting immunity. Expand
Biological and Phylogenetic Characterization of Pigeon Paramyxovirus Serotype 1 Circulating in Wild North American Pigeons and Doves
TLDR
Fifteen Newcastle disease virus isolates were recovered only from birds of the order Columbiformes and were positively identified by the USDA-validated real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay targeting the matrix gene and more specifically as pigeon paramyxovirus serotype 1 (PPMV-1) by hemagglutinin inhibition with monoclonal antibodies. Expand
Evolution of New Genotype of West Nile Virus in North America
TLDR
Spread of the southwestern US genotype (SW/WN03) from the Arizona/Colorado/northern Mexico region to California, Illinois, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, and the Texas Gulf Coast demonstrates continued evolution of WNV. Expand
Isolation of Viruses from Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Collected in the Amazon Basin Region of Peru
TLDR
Knowledge of the viruses that are being transmitted in the Amazon Basin region of Peru will enable the development of more effective diagnostic assays, more efficient and rapid diagnoses of clinical illnesses caused by these pathogens, risk analysis for military/civilian operations, and development of potential disease control measures. Expand
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