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Spatial Response of Mammals to Late Quaternary Environmental Fluctuations
Analyses of fossil mammal faunas from 2945 localities in the United States demonstrate that the geographic ranges of individual species shifted at different times, in different directions, and atExpand
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Species-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humans
Despite decades of research, the roles of climate and humans in driving the dramatic extinctions of large-bodied mammals during the Late Quaternary period remain contentious. Here we use ancient DNA,Expand
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Pre-Clovis Mastodon Hunting 13,800 Years Ago at the Manis Site, Washington
Further dating of the Manis site shows that people were hunting mastodons in North America by 14,000 years ago. The tip of a projectile point made of mastodon bone is embedded in a rib of a singleExpand
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THE YOUNGEST SPECIES OF THE AQUATIC SLOTH THALASSOCNUS AND A REASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF THE NOTHROTHERE SLOTHS (MAMMALIA: XENARTHRA)
Abstract Two new specimens of the aquatic sloth Thalassocnus from the Pliocene of Peru are described, one of T. carolomartini McDonald and Muizon, 2002 and the other T. yaucensis, sp. nov.Expand
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Asynchronous extinction of late Quaternary sloths on continents and islands.
Whatever the cause, it is extraordinary that dozens of genera of large mammals became extinct during the late Quaternary throughout the Western Hemisphere, including 90% of the genera of theExpand
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The paleoecology of extinct xenarthrans and the Great American Biotic Interchange
The Xenarthra were the most successful South American mammals to participate in the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI) and representatives of each family dispersed to at least the middleExpand
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THE EVOLUTION OF FEEDING ADAPTATIONS OF THE AQUATIC SLOTH THALASSOCNUS
Abstract The aquatic sloth Thalassocnus is represented by five species that lived along the coast of Peru from the late Miocene through the late Pliocene. A detailed comparison of the cranial andExpand
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Late Pleistocene Cingulates (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Mene De Inciarte Tar Pits, Sierra De Perijá, Western Venezuela
Abstract A new assemblage of Cingulata (Xenarthra) from the late Pleistocene of northwestern Venezuela is reported. The fauna includes Dasypus sabanicola, Propraopus sulcatus, and PampatheriumExpand
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THE LARGE SCELIDOTHERE CATONYX TARIJENSIS (XENARTHRA, MYLODONTIDAE) FROM THE PLEISTOCENE OF URUGUAY
Abstract The recovery of an almost complete skull and partial associated mandible of Catonyx tarijensis from Puerto Arazatí, Department of San José, is the first record of this species from Uruguay.Expand
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