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Introducing Archigos : A Data Set of Political Leaders 1
Scholars for a long time theorized about the role of political leaders, but empirical research has been limited by the lack of systematic data about individual leaders. Archigos is a new data setExpand
Which Way Out ? The Manner and Consequences of Losing Office ∗
Most of the burgeoning theoretical and empirical literature on the role of leaders in comparative politics and international relations is built on the assumption that leaders choose policies to stayExpand
International Conflict and the Tenure of Leaders: Is War Still Ex Post Inefficient?
Recent work in comparative politics and international relations has shown a marked shift toward leaders as the theoretical unit of analysis. In most of the new theoretical models a core assumption isExpand
Leaders and International Conflict
1. Introduction 2. When do leaders fight? 3. International conflict and the fate of leaders 4. The fate of leaders and incentives to fight 5. Case studies: fighting for survival 6. Conclusions.
Peace through Insecurity
The literature on diversionary war has long argued that a leader's tenure considerations play an important role in international conflict behavior. However, for the diversionary use of force to beExpand
Which Way Out?
Most of the burgeoning theoretical and empirical literature on the role of leaders in comparative politics and international relations is built on the assumption that leaders choose policies to stayExpand
Coups and Democracy
This study uses new data on coups d’état and elections to document a striking development: whereas the vast majority of successful coups before 1991 installed durable rules, the majority of coupsExpand
Avoiding Diversionary Targets
This article identifies three common flaws in the empirical literature on the diversionary use of force. First, while theoretical models of the diversionary use of force are built on the motivationsExpand
Fighting for Survival
This article examines how the postdefeat fate of leaders of different regimes affects their incentives to end or continue a losing war and how the outcome of war interacts with regime type to affectExpand
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