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Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People
A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here.
The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
The DVS of Africa, Europe and the Middle East are discussed, with the predicted geographic extent for the following DVS (or species/suspected species complex*) provided for Africa: Anopheles (Cellia) arabiensis, An.
Sustainable Intensification in Agriculture: Premises and Policies
Clearer understanding is needed of the premises underlying SI and how it relates to food-system priorities and climate change poses challenges to agriculture.
Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits
A global model finds that the environmental impacts of the food system could increase by 60–90% by 2050, and that dietary changes, improvements in technologies and management, and reductions in food loss and waste will all be needed to mitigate these impacts.
The future of the global food system
- H. Godfray, I. Crute, R. Whiteley
- EconomicsPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
- 27 September 2010
The collected papers suggest that major advances in sustainable food production and availability can be achieved with the concerted application of current technologies (given sufficient political will), and the importance of investing in research sooner rather than later to enable the food system to cope with both known and unknown challenges in the coming decades.
Wolbachia Stimulates Immune Gene Expression and Inhibits Plasmodium Development in Anopheles gambiae
The over-replicating wMelPop strain of the endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis has recently been shown to be capable of inducing immune upregulation and inhibition of pathogen transmission in Aedes…
Meat consumption, health, and the environment
There is less agreement over the degree to which the state should use health, environmental, or animal welfare considerations to control the supply of meat through interventions that affect the production, sale, processing, and distribution of meat and meat products or the price to the consumer.
Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change
- M. Springmann, H. Godfray, M. Rayner, P. Scarborough
- MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 21 March 2016
It is found that the impacts of dietary changes toward less meat and more plant-based diets vary greatly among regions, and the largest absolute environmental and health benefits result from diet shifts in developing countries whereas Western high-income and middle-income countries gain most in per capita terms.
A restatement of the natural science evidence base concerning neonicotinoid insecticides and insect pollinators
- H. Godfray, T. Blacquière, A. McLean
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 July 2014
This paper describes a project that set out to summarize the natural science evidence base relevant to neonicotinoid insecticides and insect pollinators in as policy-neutral terms as possible.
Food security and sustainable intensification
It is argued that the magnitude of the challenge is such that action is needed throughout the food system, on moderating demand, reducing waste, improving governance and producing more food, and sustainable intensification strategies are needed.