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Was the Arabian and Persian Lute Fretted
It was in reference to this claim that I was once asked by the author of Musik des Orients, Dr. Robert Lachmann, whether I had actual evidence in regard to frets on the Arabian and Persian lute in the Middle Ages.
Clues for the Arabian Influence on European Musical Theory
In the diffusion of the sciences of the Saracens throughout Western Europe in the twelfth century, says Professor Haskins in one of his valuable contributions to the English Historical Review , “