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A randomized, controlled trial of methylprednisolone or naloxone in the treatment of acute spinal-cord injury. Results of the Second National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study.
Studies in animals indicate that methylprednisolone and naloxone are both potentially beneficial in acute spinal-cord injury, but whether any treatment is clinically effective remains uncertain. WeExpand
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The role of secondary brain injury in determining outcome from severe head injury.
As triage and resuscitation protocols evolve, it is critical to determine the major extracranial variables influencing outcome in the setting of severe head injury. We prospectively studied theExpand
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The diagnosis of head injury requires a classification based on computed axial tomography.
The introduction of structural imaging of the brain by computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has further refined classification of head injury for prognostic, diagnosis,Expand
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The neurobehavioural rating scale: assessment of the behavioural sequelae of head injury by the clinician.
To investigate the inter-rater reliability and validity of the Neurobehavioural Rating Scale at various stages of recovery after hospitalisation for closed head injury, we studied 101 head traumaExpand
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Methylprednisolone or naloxone treatment after acute spinal cord injury: 1-year follow-up data. Results of the second National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study.
The 1-year follow-up data of a multicenter randomized controlled trial of methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg bolus and 5.4 mg/kg/hr for 23 hours) or naloxone (5.4 mg/kg bolus and 4.0 mg/kg/hr for 23 hours)Expand
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Choline and Selective Antagonists Identify Two Subtypes of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors that Modulate GABA Release from CA1 Interneurons in Rat Hippocampal Slices
Neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChR) are known to control transmitter release in the CNS. Thus, this study was aimed at exploring the diversity and localization of nAChRs present in CA1 interneuronsExpand
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Neurobehavioral outcome following minor head injury: a three-center study.
The majority of hospital admissions for head trauma are due to minor injuries; that is, no or only transient loss of consciousness without major complications and not requiring intracranial surgery.Expand
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Outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant swelling due to severe head injury.
OBJECT The aim of this study was to assess outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant brain swelling due to closed traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS During a 48-month periodExpand
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Nicotinic Receptor Activation in Human Cerebral Cortical Interneurons: a Mechanism for Inhibition and Disinhibition of Neuronal Networks
Cholinergic control of the activity of human cerebral cortical circuits has long been thought to be accounted for by the interaction of acetylcholine (ACh) with muscarinic receptors. Here we reportExpand
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Initial CT findings in 753 patients with severe head injury. A report from the NIH Traumatic Coma Data Bank.
In this prospective multicenter study, the authors have examined data derived from the initial computerized tomography (CT) scans of 753 patients with severe head injury. When the CT findings wereExpand
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