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Practice guidelines for the management of infectious diarrhea.
TLDR
Prevention by avoidance of undercooked meat or seafood, avoidance of unpasteurized milk or soft cheese, and selected use of available typhoid vaccines for travelers to areas where typhoid is endemic are key to the control of infectious diarrhea.
The infectivity of Cryptosporidium parvum in healthy volunteers.
TLDR
In healthy adults with no serologic evidence of past infection with C. parvum, a low dose of C.Parvum oocysts is sufficient to cause infection, and there were no secondary cases of diarrhea among household contacts.
Economic healthcare costs of Clostridium difficile infection: a systematic review.
TLDR
Economic healthcare costs of CDI were high for primary and recurrent cases, and the high cost justifies the use of additional resources for CDI prevention and control.
Virulence of three distinct Cryptosporidium parvum isolates for healthy adults.
TLDR
Three Cryptosporidium parvum isolates of the C genotype differ in their infectivity for humans, and a trend toward a longer duration of diarrhea was seen for the TAMU versus UCP and Iowa isolates.
Biological Properties of Norwalk Agent of Acute Infectious Nonbacterial Gastroenteritis
Summary Acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis was induced in adult volunteers through three serial passages by oral administration of bacteria-free stool filtrates. This suggested that a
Pathogenesis of Escherichia coli diarrhea.
Abstract Two Escherichia coli strains isolated in Vietnam from American soldiers with diarrhea and acute "colitis" were examined for virulence in both in vitro and in vivo experimental models. Thei...
Global etiology of travelers' diarrhea: systematic review from 1973 to the present.
TLDR
The regional differences in pathogen identification identified will serve as a baseline for antimicrobial therapy recommendations and vaccines strategies and help to understand the drivers of travelers' diarrhea.
Meta-analysis to assess risk factors for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.
TLDR
A meta-analysis of observational studies and randomised controlled trials to assess risk factors for recurrent CDI found continued use of non-C.
Traveler's diarrhea: a clinical review.
TLDR
Diarrhea remains a common problem for international travelers and persons intending to travel to at-risk countries should be counseled regarding prevention measures and may be given a travel pack that includes medications for self-treatment should they become ill.
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