Pluripotent Stem Cells Induced from Mouse Somatic Cells by Small-Molecule Compounds
It is shown that pluripotent stem cells can be generated from mouse somatic cells at a frequency up to 0.2% using a combination of seven small-molecule compounds, which resemble embryonic stem cells in terms of their gene expression profiles, epigenetic status, and potential for differentiation and germline transmission.
Directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells into functional hepatic cells
A novel three‐stage method to efficiently direct the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells into hepatic cells in serum‐free medium is reported, which should facilitate searching the molecular mechanisms underlying human liver development, and form the basis for hepatocyte transplantation and drug tests.
Genomic Characterization of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Related Coronavirus in European Bats and Classification of Coronaviruses Based on Partial RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase Gene Sequences
An evaluation of CoV in rhinolophid and vespertilionid bat species common in Europe found that proteins 3b and 6 were highly divergent from those proteins in all known SARS-related CoV, highlighting the importance of assessments of the zoonotic potential of widely distributed bat-borne CoV.
Highly efficient differentiation of human ES cells and iPS cells into mature pancreatic insulin-producing cells
This work provides a new model to study the mechanism of human pancreatic specialization and maturation in vitro, but also enhances the possibility of utilizing patient-specific iPS cells for the treatment of diabetes.
Small Molecules Blocking the Entry of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus into Host Cells
Several small molecules were identified that can be used for developing new classes of anti-SARS-CoV drugs and is potentially useful for the high-throughput screening of drugs inhibiting the entry of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and other insidious viruses into their host cells.
Generation of rat and human induced pluripotent stem cells by combining genetic reprogramming and chemical inhibitors.
Induction of Pluripotency in Mouse Somatic Cells with Lineage Specifiers
Efficient generation of hepatocyte-like cells from human induced pluripotent stem cells
Results show that human iPS cells, which are similar to human ES cells, can be efficiently induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells.
Derivation of Pluripotent Stem Cells with In Vivo Embryonic and Extraembryonic Potency
MEK/ERK signaling contributes to the maintenance of human embryonic stem cell self-renewal.
The findings reveal the unique and crucial role of MEK/ERK signaling in the determination of hESC cell fate and expand the understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind the FGF pathway maintenance of h ESC pluripotency.