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Decision-making and addiction (part I): impaired activation of somatic states in substance dependent individuals when pondering decisions with negative future consequences
Some substance dependent individuals (SDI) suffer from a decision-making impairment akin to that seen in neurological patients with lesions of the ventromedial (VM) prefrontal cortex. The… Expand
Individuals with sociopathic behavior caused by frontal damage fail to respond autonomically to social stimuli
Following damage to ventromedial frontal cortices, adults with previously normal personalities develop defects in decision-making and planning that are especially revealed in an abnormal social… Expand
A neural basis for the retrieval of conceptual knowledge
Both clinical reports and systematic neuropsychological studies have shown that patients with damage to selected brain sites develop defects in the retrieval of conceptual knowledge for various… Expand
Three-dimensional in vivo mapping of brain lesions in humans.
We describe a multistep technique for three-dimensional reconstruction and analysis of brain lesions in vivo, based on the manipulation of magnetic resonance raw data obtained with a special protocol. Expand
Troubled letters but not numbers. Domain specific cognitive impairments following focal damage in frontal cortex.
A well educated right-handed woman developed severe and stable alexia and agraphia following a circumscribed surgical lesion in the left premotor cortex. The lesion was located in Brodmann's field 6,… Expand
The anatomic basis of pure alexia
The behavioral and anatomic correlates of pure alexia were analyzed in 16 patients. Right homonymous hemianopia failed to appear in three patients, who had right achromatopsia instead. Color anomia… Expand
Amnesia following basal forebrain lesions.
- A. Damasio, N. Graff-Radford, P. Eslinger, H. Damasio, N. Kassell
- Archives of neurology
- 1 March 1985
Of five patients with damage to the basal forebrain, four had lesions secondary to rupture of anterior cerebral or anterior communicating artery aneurysms, and one to the resection of an… Expand
The anatomical basis of conduction aphasia.