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Tacit and Explicit Knowledge
Much of what we know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can't explain how we do it? These abilities, which we are unable
Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice
H M Collins is co-author of the widely acclaimed "Frames of Meaning "and Director of the Science Studies Centre at Bath University. He continues his work in the sociology of science with this book, a
The TEA Set: Tacit Knowledge and Scientific Networks
INTRODUCTION: METHODOLOGICAL AND THEORETICAL ARGUMENT Thomas Kuhn's concept of 'paradigm" has attracted a lot of attention from sociologists and historians of science. In particular, some recent work
Artificial experts - social knowledge and intelligent machines
Sociologist Harry Collins explains what computers can't do, but also studies the ordinary and extraordinary things that they can do, and argues that although machines are limited because they cannot reproduce in symbols what every community knows, the authors give them abilities because of the way they embed them in their society.
Tacit Knowledge, Trust and the Q of Sapphire
Russian measurements of the quality factor (Q) of sapphire, made 20 years ago, have only just been repeated in the West. Shortfalls in tacit knowledge have been partly responsible for this delay. The
The Third Wave of Science Studies
A dental instrument for cutting and vibrating the stone loose from dentures, the device comprising an electrical implement in which electrical current moves a vibrating magnet iron at a very high
Trading zones and interactional expertise
The phrase ‘trading zone’ is often used to denote any kind of interdisciplinary partnership in which two or more perspectives are combined and a new, shared language develops. In this paper we
Interactional expertise as a third kind of knowledge
AbstractBetween formal propositional knowledge and embodied skill lies ‘interactional expertise’—the ability to converse expertly about a practical skill or expertise, but without being able to
Stages in the Empirical Programme of Relativism
Modern philosophy of science has allowed an extra dimensiontime into descriptions of the nature of scientific knowledge. Theories are now seen as linked to each other, and tQ observations, not by
Are We All Scientific Experts Now
Figures and Tables page vi Introduction: The Growing Crisis of Expertise 1 1 Academics and How the World Feels 17 2 Experts 49 3 Citizen Sceptics 80 4 Citizen Whistle-blowers 103 Conclusion: Are We