• Publications
  • Influence
The powerful placebo.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 24 December 1955
TLDR
It is interesting that Pepper could say as recently as 10 years ago "apparently there has never been a paper published discussing the important subject of the placebo," but in 1953 Gaddum1 said: Such tablets are sometimes called placebos, but it is better to call them dummies.
A study of the deaths associated with anesthesia and surgery: based on a study of 599, 548 anesthesias in ten institutions 1948-1952, inclusive.
TLDR
The death rate (and why deaths occurred) attributable to anesthesia whether due to agent or technique or to their misapplications is determined and the responsibility of the anesthetist in the total care of the surgical patient when failure occurred is assessed.
Ethics and clinical research.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 16 June 1966
TLDR
A large number of patients have shown clear signs of Alzheimer's disease, and the use of these patients as experimental subjects in clinical trials is likely to have had an impact on their prognosis.
The measurement of pain; prototype for the quantitative study of subjective responses.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    Pharmacological reviews
  • 1 March 1957
TLDR
This review covers 106 years of experimental work and finds strong evidence has been presented to direct future therapeutic research to modification of the psychic reaction to the original sensation and Quantitative work with pain is possible and rewarding.
An experimental pain method sensitive to morphine in man: the submaximum effort tourniquet technique.
TLDR
It was concluded that appropriate use of the submaximum tourniquet technique produces a type of experimental pain which is responsive to the analgesic effects of 10 mg of intravenous morphine.
Pain in men wounded in battle.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of the U.S. Army Medical Department…
  • 1 April 1946
Surgery as placebo. A quantitative study of bias.
TLDR
The problem is to investigate the existence, nature, and extent of the placebo effect in surgery, and the possibility that the surgeon or a surgical procedure can exert a placebo effect.
Relationship of significance of wound to pain experienced.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 25 August 1956
• The frequency of pain severe enough to require a narcotic was studied in 150 male civilian patients and contrasted with similar data from a study of wartime casualties. Efforts were made to have
Relationship of significance of wound to pain experienced.
  • H. Beecher
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 1 November 1956
A Definition of Irreversible Coma
TLDR
The primary purpose is to define irreversible coma as a new criterion for death and to prepare the way for better insight into all these matters as well as for better law than is currently applicable.
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