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Risk Factors for Adverse Life Outcomes in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects
TLDR
The odds of escaping these adverse life outcomes are increased 2- to 4-fold by receiving the diagnosis of FAS or FAE at an earlier age and by being reared in good stable environments. Expand
Neurobehavioral effects of prenatal alcohol: Part II. Partial least squares analysis.
TLDR
This paper introduces Partial Least Squares methods for assessing the effects of moderate levels of prenatal alcohol exposure on performance and behavior in young school-age children and finds that a single latent variable provides an appropriate measure of "dose" for summarizing the relationships between alcohol exposure and each of the four blocks of outcome variables. Expand
Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure: effects on child IQ and learning problems at age 7 1/2 years.
TLDR
This study shows that alcohol use patterns within the social drinking range can have long lasting effects on IQ and learning problems in young school aged children. Expand
Direct and Indirect Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Damage on Executive Function
TLDR
The findings suggest that these executive function tests would be particularly useful in clinical evaluations of persons suspected of fetal alcohol damage because they would not simply reflect deficits in IQ or facial stigmata. Expand
Corpus Callosum Shape and Neuropsychological Deficits in Adult Males with Heavy Fetal Alcohol Exposure
TLDR
There is considerable information in callosal form for prognosis of neuropsychological deficits in this frequently encountered birth defect, and a very promising bipolar discrimination of the exposed from the unexposed in this sample. Expand
Maternal drinking during pregnancy: attention and short-term memory in 14-year-old offspring--a longitudinal prospective study.
TLDR
The 14-year attention/memory deficits observed in the present study appear to be the adolescent sequelae of deficits observed earlier in development, as is usual in such studies, not all exposed offspring showed deficits. Expand
Association of prenatal alcohol exposure with behavioral and learning problems in early adolescence.
TLDR
Fetal alcohol exposure (even at "social drinking" levels) is associated with developmental difficulties in adolescence that are consistent with problems seen earlier in life, and Clinicians should understand the potential role prenatal alcohol exposure plays in behavioral and cognitive problems. Expand
Prenatal alcohol and offspring development: the first fourteen years.
TLDR
Findings from a prospective longitudinal study of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on a birth cohort of 500 offspring selected from 1,529 consecutive pregnant women in prenatal care by mid-pregnancy at two representative community hospitals found Particularly salient effects included problems with attention, speed of information processing, and learning problems, especially arithmetic. Expand
Identifying maternal self-reported alcohol use associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
TLDR
These new data may facilitate early identification of offspring who may be most in need of early intervention, namely those born with FASD. Expand
Prenatal alcohol exposure and family history of alcoholism in the etiology of adolescent alcohol problems.
TLDR
Fetal alcohol exposure is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol involvement and alcohol-related problems and may account for variance in prediction of problems otherwise attributed to family history of alcoholism. Expand
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