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Median-joining networks for inferring intraspecific phylogenies.
TLDR
A method for constructing networks from recombination-free population data that combines features of Kruskal's algorithm for finding minimum spanning trees by favoring short connections, and Farris's maximum-parsimony (MP) heuristic algorithm, which sequentially adds new vertices called "median vectors", except that the MJ method does not resolve ties.
Mitochondrial portraits of human populations using median networks.
TLDR
A novel network approach for portraying mtDNA relationships is proposed that reduces the complexity of the network by identifying parallelisms and is guided by a compatibility argument and an additional source of phylogenetic information: the frequencies of the mitochondrial haplotypes.
Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.
TLDR
There has been substantial back-migration into the Near East, there was a founder effect or bottleneck associated with the Last Glacial Maximum, 20,000 years ago, and a way to account for multiple dispersals of common sequence types is suggested.
Origin and evolution of Native American mtDNA variation: a reappraisal.
TLDR
Reappraising mtDNA control region sequences from aboriginal Siberians and Native Americans confirms in agreement with linguistic, archaeological and climatic evidence that the major wave of migration brought one population, ancestral to the Amerinds, from northeastern Siberia to America 20,000-25,000 years ago.
Phylogeographic differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Han Chinese.
TLDR
These and other features of the geographical distribution of the mtDNA haplogroups observed in the Han Chinese make an initial Paleolithic colonization from south to north plausible but would suggest subsequent migration events in China that mainly proceeded from north to south and east to west.
The ancestry of Brazilian mtDNA lineages.
TLDR
The mtDNA pool of present-day Brazilians clearly reflects the imprints of the early Portuguese colonization process (involving directional mating), as well as the recent immigrant waves (from Europe) of the last century.
Genetic evidence of an early exit of Homo sapiens sapiens from Africa through eastern Africa
TLDR
M is rendered the first genetic indicator for the hypothesized exit route from Africa through eastern Africa/western India, possibly the only successful early dispersal event of modern humans out of Africa.
Single, Rapid Coastal Settlement of Asia Revealed by Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial Genomes
TLDR
It is shown that mitochondrial DNA variation in isolated “relict” populations in southeast Asia supports the view that there was only a single dispersal from Africa, most likely via a southern coastal route, through India and onward into southeast Asia and Australasia.
Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe
TLDR
A cladistic notation for mitochondrial variation is described and analysis is expanded upon to present a more detailed portrait of the European mitochondrial record, suggesting that most extant mitochondrial sequences in western Europe have a local ancestry in the Early Upper Palaeolithic.
Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa.
TLDR
Eurasian sequences are derived from essentially one sequence within this ancient cluster, even though a diverse mitochondrial pool was present in Africa at the time.
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