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Median-joining networks for inferring intraspecific phylogenies.
Reconstructing phylogenies from intraspecific data (such as human mitochondrial DNA variation) is often a challenging task because of large sample sizes and small genetic distances betweenExpand
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Mitochondrial portraits of human populations using median networks.
Analysis of variation in the hypervariable region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has emerged as an important tool for studying human evolution and migration. However, attempts to reconstruct optimalExpand
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Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.
Founder analysis is a method for analysis of nonrecombining DNA sequence data, with the aim of identification and dating of migrations into new territory. The method picks out founder sequence typesExpand
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Origin and evolution of Native American mtDNA variation: a reappraisal.
The timing and number of prehistoric migrations involved in the settlement of the American continent is subject to intense debate. Here, we reanalyze Native American control region mtDNA data andExpand
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The ancestry of Brazilian mtDNA lineages.
We have analyzed 247 Brazilian mtDNAs for hypervariable segment (HVS)-I and selected restriction fragment-length-polymorphism sites, to assess their ancestry in different continents. The total sampleExpand
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Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe
For most of the past century, prehistorians have had to rely on the fossil and archaeological records in order to reconstruct the past. In the last few decades, this evidence has been substantiallyExpand
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Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa.
mtDNA studies support an African origin for modern Eurasians, but expansion events within Africa have not previously been investigated. We have therefore analyzed 407 mtDNA control-region sequencesExpand
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mtDNA variation among Greenland Eskimos: the edge of the Beringian expansion.
The Eskimo-Aleut language phylum is distributed from coastal Siberia across Alaska and Canada to Greenland and is well distinguished from the neighboring Na Dene languages. Genetically, however, theExpand
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Paleolithic and neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene pool.
Phylogenetic and diversity analysis of the mtDNA control region sequence variation of 821 individuals from Europe and the Middle East distinguishes five major lineage groups with different internalExpand
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Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Northwest African populations reveals genetic exchanges with European, Near‐Eastern, and sub‐Saharan populations
Genetic studies have emphasized the contrast between North African and sub‐Saharan populations, but the particular affinities of the North African mtDNA pool to that of Europe, the Near East, andExpand
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