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Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN's system for classifying threatened species.
The process and the technical background to the IUCN Red List system is described, which was designed to measure the symptoms of extinction risk, and uses 5 independent criteria relating to aspects of population loss and decline of range size. Expand
Risk assessment in conservation biology
A framework for risk assessment using the Exonential model for population growth, the logistic equation and magpie geese as a model for suburban shrews, and other forms of density dependence. Expand
Identifying the World's Most Climate Change Vulnerable Species: A Systematic Trait-Based Assessment of all Birds, Amphibians and Corals
This study presents a framework for assessing three dimensions of climate change vulnerability, namely sensitivity, exposure and adaptive capacity, and finds that high concentration areas for species with traits conferring highest sensitivity and lowest adaptive capacity differ from those of highly exposed species. Expand
The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World’s Vertebrates
Though the threat of extinction is increasing, overall declines would have been worse in the absence of conservation, and current conservation efforts remain insufficient to offset the main drivers of biodiversity loss in these groups. Expand
Assessing species' vulnerability to climate change
The effects of climate change on biodiversity are increasingly well documented, and many methods have been developed to assess species' vulnerability to climatic changes, both ongoing and projectedExpand
Predicting extinction risks under climate change: coupling stochastic population models with dynamic bioclimatic habitat models
A novel mechanistic approach allows more complete and direct appraisal of future biotic responses than do static bioclimatic habitat modelling approaches, and will ultimately support development of more effective conservation strategies to mitigate biodiversity losses due to climate change. Expand
Predictive accuracy of population viability analysis in conservation biology
It is found that PVA predictions were surprisingly accurate, the risk of population decline closely matched observed outcomes, there was no significant bias, and population size projections did not differ significantly from reality. Expand
Measuring Global Trends in the Status of Biodiversity: Red List Indices for Birds
A method for producing indices based on the IUCN Red List to chart the overall threat status (projected relative extinction risk) of all the world's bird species from 1988 to 2004 is presented. Expand
Global Gap Analysis: Priority Regions for Expanding the Global Protected-Area Network
Abstract Protected areas are the single most important conservation tool. The global protected-area network has grown substantially in recent decades, now occupying 11.5% of Earth's land surface, butExpand
Life history and spatial traits predict extinction risk due to climate change
Climate change could be a game-changer for biodiversity conservation, potentially invalidating many established methods including those employed in vulnerability assessments. Now, a simulation studyExpand