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Measurements of acute cerebral infarction: a clinical examination scale.
A 15-item neurologic examination stroke scale for use in acute stroke therapy trials was designed and interrater reliability for the scale was found to be high, and test-retest reliability was also high, suggesting acceptable examination and scale validity. Expand
Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association
These guidelines supersede the prior 2007 guidelines and 2009 updates and support the overarching concept of stroke systems of care and detail aspects of stroke care from patient recognition; emergency medical services activation, transport, and triage; through the initial hours in the emergency department and stroke unit. Expand
Classification of Subtype of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Definitions for Use in a Multicenter Clinical Trial
The TOAST stroke subtype classification system is easy to use and has good interobserver agreement and should allow investigators to report responses to treatment among important subgroups of patients with ischemic stroke. Expand
Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults With Ischemic Stroke
Purpose— Our goal is to provide an overview of the current evidence about components of the evaluation and treatment of adults with acute ischemic stroke. The intended audience is physicians and ot...
The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery. Part 1: Overall management results.
The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery evaluated the results of surgical and medical management in 3521 patients between December, 1980, and July, 1983 and document the status of management in the 1980's. Expand
Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association.
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is more than twice as common as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and is much more likely to result in death or major disability than cerebral infarction or SAH.1 AlthoughExpand
Closure or medical therapy for cryptogenic stroke with patent foramen ovale.
In patients with cryptogenic stroke or TIA who had a patent foramen ovale, closure with a device did not offer a greater benefit than medical therapy alone for the prevention of recurrent stroke orTIA. Expand
Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Ischemic Stroke: A Scientific Statement From the Stroke Council of the American Stroke Association
In 1994, a panel appointed by the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association authored guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke.1 After the approval of the use ofExpand
Expansion of the time window for treatment of acute ischemic stroke with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator: a science advisory from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
The European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS)-3 has provided new data on rtPA (alteplase) treatment in the 3-to-4.5–hour window, and the potential approaches to increase treatment opportunities have been the designation of a longer time window for treatment. Expand
Baseline NIH Stroke Scale score strongly predicts outcome after stroke
The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score strongly predicts the likelihood of a patient’s recovery after stroke, and only the TOAST subtype of lacunar stroke predicts outcomes independent of the NIHSS score. Expand