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Increased concerns about global warming and greenhouse gas emissions as well as the exhaustion of easily accessible fossil fuel resources are calling for effective carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation technologies and clean and renewable energy sources. One of the major gases leading to global warming is carbon dioxide. CO2 makes up 68% of the estimated total(More)
The recent literature pertaining to the application of algal photobioreactors (PBRs) to both carbon dioxide mitigation and nutrient abatement is reviewed and the reported data analysed. The review appraises the influence of key system parameters on performance with reference to (a) the absorption and biological fixation of CO2 from gaseous effluent streams,(More)
The synergistic effects and optimization of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations on the growth of Chlorella vulgaris (CCAP 211/11B, CS-42) and nutrient removal have been investigated under different concentrations of N (0-56 mg/L) and P (0-19 mg/L). The study showed that N/P ratio has a crucial effect on the biomass growth and nutrient removal.(More)
The solar photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) was investigated individually and combined in the presence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. The results revealed that both Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions enhanced the heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation. Fe3+ ions rapidly converted to Fe2+ ions as soon as the irradiation started.(More)
The solar-photocatalytic degradation mechanisms and kinetics of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) using TiO2 have been investigated both individually and combined. The individual solar-photocatalytic degradation of both phenolic compounds showed that the reaction rates follow pseudo-first-order reaction. During the individual(More)
The effect of p-nitrophenol (PNP) concentration with or without glucose and yeast extract on the growth and biodegradative capacity of Ralstonia eutropha was examined. The chemical constituents of the culture medium were modeled using a response surface methodology. The experiments were performed according to the central composite design arrangement(More)
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