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Electrophysiological recording was used to study a type of slow excitatory postsynaptic potential (slow EPSP) that was mediated by release of ATP and its action at P2Y1 receptors on morphologically identified neurones in the submucosal plexus of guinea-pig small intestine. MRS2179, a selective P2Y1 purinergic receptor antagonist, blocked both the slow EPSP(More)
The P2X(7) purinergic receptor subtype has been cloned and emphasized as a prototypic P2Z receptor involved in neurotransmission in the central nervous system and ATP-mediated lysis of macrophages in the immune system. Less is known about the neurobiology of P2X(7) receptors in the enteric nervous system (ENS). We studied the distribution of the receptor(More)
Hu proteins, together with neurone-specific enolase (NSE), protein gene product 9.5 (PGP-9.5), microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) and tubulin beta III isoform, were evaluated immunohistochemically as neuronal markers in whole-mount preparations and cultures obtained from the myenteric plexus of guinea-pig small intestine. Anti-Hu immunostaining marked(More)
Conventional intracellular microelectrodes and injection of biocytin were used to study the actions of IL-1beta and IL-6 on electrical and synaptic behavior in morphologically identified guinea pig small intestinal submucous neurons. Exposure to nanomolar concentrations of either IL-1beta or IL-6 stimulated neuronal excitability. The excitatory action(More)
Electrophysiological recording methods provided evidence for presynaptic release of ATP from enteric neurones and postganglionic sympathetic fibres in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of guinea-pig intestine (J Physiol Lond 2003; 550: 493-504). The released ATP acted at postsynaptic P2Y(1) receptors to evoke slow synaptic excitation in neurones in the(More)
Intracellular recording methods and immunostaining revealed the existence of functional group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in submucous plexus neurons of guinea-pig ileum. Selective group I, but not groups II or III metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists induced concentration-dependent, slowly-activating depolarizing responses. Group I(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Evidence suggests that the intestinal actions of Clostridium difficile toxin A-stimulation of secretion and motility, and an acute inflammatory response-have a neurally mediated component. METHODS Direct intracellular electrophysiological recording of electrical and synaptic behaviour in enteric neurones was performed in the submucous(More)
Intracellular recording methods were used to investigate actions of glutamate on morphologically identified neurones in the myenteric and submucous plexuses of guinea-pig small intestine. Glutamate evoked a tetrodotoxin-resistant, slowly activating depolarizing response in most of the submucous neurones (86 of 125, 69%) and a smaller number of myenteric(More)
Conventional intracellular microelectrodes and marker injection techniques were used to study the actions of histamine on inhibitory synaptic transmission in the submucous plexus of guinea-pig small intestine. Bath application of histamine (1-300 microM) reversibly suppressed both noradrenergic and non-adrenergic slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in a(More)
Effects of glutamate on synaptic transmission in the submucosal plexus of guinea-pig small intestine were studied with intracellular electrophysiological recording methods. Glutamate suppressed stimulus-evoked slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) and increased the amplitude of slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) in submucosal neurons.(More)