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The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of conserved regulatory molecules expressed in all eukaryotic cells. A striking feature of the 14-3-3 proteins is their ability to bind a multitude of functionally diverse signaling proteins, including kinases, phosphatases, and transmembrane receptors. This plethora of interacting proteins allows 14-3-3 to play important(More)
Oligodendrocytes are derived from glial precursors that arise from the ventral neural tube early in development. In the developing chicken CNS, oligodendrocyte progenitors selectively express Nkx2.2 homeodomain transcription factor, raising the possibility that Nkx2.2 may directly regulate oligogliogenesis. In this study, we have examined Nkx2.2 expression(More)
A cDNA clone pCZ1, with a 1.1 kb insert, was isolated from a NaCl-adapted tobacco cell cDNA library that encodes an apparently full-length 29 kDa protein (251 amino acids) with a calculated pI of 5.7. The encoded peptide had a high amino acid sequence identity with bovine 14-3-3 protein which was originally found as an abundant protein in the animal central(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins interact with diverse cellular molecules involved in various signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation, transformation, and apoptosis. To aid our investigation of the biological function of 14-3-3 proteins, we have set out to identify high-affinity antagonists. By screening phage display libraries, we have identified a(More)
The 14-3-3 family of proteins have recently been identified as regulatory elements in intracellular signalling pathways: 14-3-3 proteins bind to oncogene and proto-oncogene products, including c-Raf-1 (refs 2-5), c-Bcr (ref. 6) and polyomavirus middle-T antigen; overexpression of 14-3-3 activates Raf kinase in yeast and induces meiotic maturation in Xenopus(More)
Exoenzyme S (ExoS), which has been implicated as a virulence factor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, catalyzes transfer of the ADP-ribose moiety of NAD+ to many eukaryotic cellular proteins. Its preferred substrates include Ras and several other 21- to 25-kDa GTP-binding proteins. ExoS absolutely requires a ubiquitous eukaryotic protein factor, termed FAS (factor(More)
BACKGROUND Recently developed tools for the genetic manipulation of modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) have advanced the development of combinatorial biosynthesis technologies for drug discovery. Although many of the current techniques involve engineering individual domains or modules of the PKS, few experiments have addressed the ability to combine entire(More)
Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a pivotal component of a signaling pathway induced by many death stimuli, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, Fas, and the anticancer drugs cisplatin and paclitaxel. Here we report that ASK1 proapoptotic activity is antagonized by association with 14-3-3 proteins. We found that ASK1 specifically bound 14-3-3(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of highly conserved eukaryotic regulatory molecules that play important roles in many biological processes including cell cycle control and regulation of cell death. They are able to carry out these effects through binding and modulating the activity of a host of signaling proteins. The ability of 14-3-3 to inhibit Bad and(More)
14-3-3 proteins bind to a diverse group of regulatory molecules such as Raf-1, Cbl, and c-Bcr that are involved in signal transduction pathways. The crystal structure of 14-3-3zeta reveals a conserved amphipathic groove that may mediate the association of 14-3-3 with diverse ligands. Consistently, mutations on the charged surface of the groove (Lys-49,(More)