H. William Schnaper

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Angiostatin, a proteolytic fragment of plasminogen, is a potent antagonist of angiogenesis and an inhibitor of endothelial cell migration and proliferation. To determine whether the mechanism by which angiostatin inhibits endothelial cell migration and/or proliferation involves binding to cell surface plasminogen receptors, we isolated the binding proteins(More)
A spectrum of proteinuric glomerular diseases results from podocyte abnormalities. The understanding of these podocytopathies has greatly expanded in recent years, particularly with the discovery of more than a dozen genetic mutations that are associated with loss of podocyte functional integrity. It is apparent that classification of the podocytopathies on(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is a critical event in wound healing, tumor growth, and the inflammatory vasculitides. Since women have a higher incidence of many vasculitic diseases, we examined the effects of female sex steroids, particularly estradiol, on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) behavior in vitro and on angiogenesis in vivo. METHODS AND(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) stimulates renal cell fibrogenesis by a poorly understood mechanism. Previously, we suggested a synergy between TGF-beta1 activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and Smad signaling in collagen production by human glomerular mesangial cells. In a heterologous DNA binding transcription assay,(More)
It has been proposed that proteases are important in endothelial cell behavior. We examined the contribution of the gelatinase/type IV collagenase system in an in vitro model of endothelial differentiation. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells rapidly align and form networks of tubes when cultured on a basement membrane preparation, Matrigel. Zymograms of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the rate of progression of mean maximum intimal-medial thickness (IMT) in carotid arteries, using quantitative B-mode ultrasound imaging, during antihypertensive therapy with isradipine vs hydrochlorothiazide. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, positive-controlled trial. SETTING Nine medical center clinics. POPULATION A total of 883(More)
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), once injury from any number of disease processes reaches a threshold, there follows an apparently irreversible course toward decline in kidney function. The tubulointerstitium may play a key role in this common progression pathway. Direct injury, high metabolic demands, or stimuli from various other forms of renal(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has been associated with renal glomerular matrix accumulation. We previously showed that Smad3 promotes COL1A2 gene activation by TGF-beta1 in human glomerular mesangial cells. Here, we report that the PI3K/Akt pathway also plays a role in TGF-beta1-increased collagen I expression. TGF-beta1 stimulates the activity of(More)
Recent data investigating the role of the Smad anchor for receptor activation (SARA) in TGF-beta signaling have suggested that it has a crucial function in both aiding the recruitment of Smad to the TGF-beta receptor, and ensuring appropriate subcellular localization of the activated receptor-bound complex. The FYVE domain in SARA directs its localization(More)
The signals mediating transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta)-stimulated kidney fibrogenesis are poorly understood. We previously reported TGFbeta-stimulated, Smad-mediated collagen production by human kidney mesangial cells, and that ERK MAP kinase activity optimizes collagen expression and enhances phosphorylation of the Smad3 linker region.(More)