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Liquid cultures of the basidiomycetous fungus Gloeophyllum striatum were employed to study the biodegradation of pradofloxacin, a new veterinary fluoroquinolone antibiotic carrying a CN group at position C-8. After 16 days of incubation, metabolites were purified by micro-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Four metabolites could be(More)
Pradofloxacin (PRA) is an 8-cyano-fluoroquinolone (FQ) being developed to treat bacterial infections in dogs and cats. Its mutant prevention concentrations (MPC) were determined for Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 at 0.225 microg/ml, and for Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 at 0.55 microg/ml. At drug concentrations equal to or above the MPC, growth (implying(More)
Membrane vesicles derived from whole cells of the strictly anaerobic rumen bacterium Bacteroides amylophilus exhibited fumarate reductase activity with NADH, FADH2, FMNH2, or reduced viologens as electron donors. The fumarate reductase system is most likely localized on the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane. Cytochromes and menaquinone were not(More)
OBJECTIVES If substituted at position C-8 by a methoxy group, fluoroquinolones possess antibacterial efficacy considerably improved over that of C-H analogues. The new veterinary fluoroquinolone pradofloxacin bears a cyano group at C-8 and it was attempted to define the ranges of activity unfolding upon variation of this moiety. METHODS Pradofloxacin and(More)
Pradofloxacin (PRA), a novel veterinary 8-cyano-fluoroquinolone (FQ), is active against Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, the primary cause of canine pyoderma. An in vitro pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model was used to compare the activities of PRA and marbofloxacin (MAR) against three clinical isolates of S. pseudintermedius and reference strain(More)
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