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The folding of membrane-spanning domains into their native functional forms depends on interactions between transmembrane (TM) helices joined by covalent loops. However, the importance of these covalent linker regions in mediating the strength of helix-helix associations has not been systematically addressed. Here we examine the potential structural impact(More)
OBJECTIVE To find out whether postoperative enteral feeding is safe and effective in patients with severe pancreatitis. DESIGN Prospective randomised trial. SETTING Teaching hospital, Latvia. SUBJECTS 29 patients who had been operated on for severe pancreatitis. INTERVENTIONS They were randomised to have either enteral nutrition and conventional(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) from Bacillus thuringiensis catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol (PI) in a Ca(2+)-independent two-step mechanism: (i) an intramolecular phosphotransferase reaction to form inositol 1,2-(cyclic)-phosphate (cIP), followed by (ii) a cyclic phosphodiesterase activity that converts cIP to(More)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa inner membrane protein FimV is among several proteins of unknown function required for type IV pilus-mediated twitching motility, arising from extension and retraction of pili from their site of assembly in the inner membrane. The pili transit the periplasm and peptidoglycan (PG) layer, ultimately exiting the cell through the PilQ(More)
The interactions of PI-PLC with nonsubstrate zwitterionic [phosphatidylcholine (PC)] and anionic [phosphatidylmethanol (PMe), phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidic acid] interfaces that affect the catalytic activity of PI-PLC have been examined. PI-PLC binding is strongly coupled to vesicle curvature and is tighter at acidic pH for all(More)
Mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) cause CF disease by altering the biosynthesis, maturation, folding and ion conductance of this protein. Our laboratory has focused on expression and structural analysis of the CFTR transmembrane (TM) domains using two-TM segments (i.e., helix-loop-helix constructs) which we term(More)
The phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) from Bacillus thuringiensis exhibits several types of interfacial activation. In the crystal structure of the closely related Bacillus cereus PI-PLC, the rim of the active site is flanked by a short helix B and a loop that show an unusual clustering of hydrophobic amino acids. Two of the seven(More)
The crystal structure of the W47A/W242A mutant of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) from Bacillus thuringiensis has been solved to 1.8A resolution. The W47A/W242A mutant is an interfacially challenged enzyme, and it has been proposed that one or both tryptophan side chains serve as membrane interfacial anchors (Feng, J., Wehbi, H., and(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), a bacterial model for the catalytic domain of mammalian PI-PLC enzymes, was cross-linked by 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl]carbodiimide hydrochloride to probe for the aggregation and/or conformational changes of PI-PLC when bound to activating phosphatidylcholine (PC)(More)
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