H. Wayne Sampson

Learn More
Aging is associated with an increased incidence and severity of acute renal failure. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the increased susceptibility to injury remains undefined. These experiments were designed to investigate the influence of age on the response of the kidney to ischemic injury and to identify candidate genes that may mediate this(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case study with unique laboratory analysis. OBJECTIVE To present a potentially serious adverse event that may occur in unique individuals when using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) to augment fusion in posterior cervical spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The use of rhBMP-2 to augment posterior cervical(More)
The "mature rat model" is an effective and often-used surrogate for studying mechanisms and characteristics of estrogen-deficient osteopenia. The purpose of this study was to extend our understanding of this animal model to include the mechanical properties of cancellous bone in the proximal tibia. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups(More)
In an attempt to assign morphologic identities to previously distinguished functional calcium compartments in the anterior pituitary of the rat, we employed the potassium pyroantimonate technique for cation localization. Tissues were incubated for 1 h at 37 degrees C in control medium; with 10 mM theophylline; or with depolarizing amounts of potassium.(More)
By about age 35, people reach their peak bone mass. Women lose bone mass slowly after that point until a few years after menopause, when bone mass is lost very rapidly. For middle-aged and older women, healthy bones depend on the development, during younger years, of a strong bone structure and an adequate peak bone mass. There is tenuous evidence that(More)
The methodology for the repair of critical-sized or non-union bone lesions has unpredictable efficacy due in part to our incomplete knowledge of bone repair and the biocompatibility of bone substitutes. Although human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) differentiate into osteoblasts, which promote bone growth, their ability to repair bone in vivo has been(More)
To better understand the effect of alcohol consumption on the bone remodeling process in vivo, we used a rodent animal model system to compare osteoblast activity and number in alcohol-fed, pair-fed, and chow-fed animals. Adult, virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to alcohol-fed, pair-fed, and chow groups based on weights. Alcohol animals were(More)
Alcohol consumption by young actively growing rats has been previously demonstrated to decrease cortical and cancellous bone density, to reduce trabecular bone volume, and to inhibit bone growth at the epiphyseal growth plate. This study addresses the action of alcohol on cortical bone growth using histomorphometric techniques and on mechanical properties(More)
The mechanism of the production of ethanol-associated osteopenia seems to be a direct effect of alcohol on bone cells and an indirect or modulating effect through mineral regulating hormones such as vitamin D metabolites, parathyroid hormone, and calcitonin. The modulating effects of these hormones on bone and mineral metabolism in acute and chronic alcohol(More)
BACKGROUND The vastus medialis (VM) muscle has been described as being composed of two separate divisions: the vastus medialis longus (VML) proximally and the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) distally. The VML is reported to directly contribute to knee extension, while the VMO provides medial stabilization of the patella during knee extension. Despite the(More)