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The Patient Rejection Scale, which was developed to assess rejecting feelings of family members toward mental patients, was administered to a sample of 80 relatives living with schizophrenic patients in the Federal Republic of Germany. In spite of the cross-cultural differences involved, the response distributions of the German sample and a New York City(More)
Prior to and following social-skills training during a three months inpatient treatment, 145 female alcoholics indicated for various situations involving social pressure to drink alcohol (a) how difficult it would be for them not to drink (Relapse Risk) and (b) the degree of discomfort they expected (Specific Assertiveness). In addition, General(More)
Female alcoholic in-patients (N = 156) were asked during a three months treatment to rate the degree of discomfort they expected (a) in situations demanding assertiveness, but not involving rejection of alcoholic beverages and (b) in situations characterized by social temptation to drink. Correlations of ratings with age, duration of problem drinking, mean(More)
The present paper gives a description of a research project which tries to evaluate the significance of family support in reducing relapse rates in schizophrenic patients. Two different forms of support for relatives are compared, a discussion group and an approach furnishing a behavior training in addition. The report is supplemented by depicting some key(More)
In a replication of the study by Gottschalk et al. (1988), expressed emotion scores derived from the Camberwell Family Interview were compared with Anxiety and Overt Hostility Outward scores from a content analysis of verbal behavior based on a 10-minute speech sample from parents of 49 German schizophrenic inpatients. The scores from the two methods were(More)
The efficacy of lithium aspartate in reducing alcohol consumption was examined in a double-blind, placebo controlled cross-over study. Subjects were male alcohol-dependent in-patients with organic brain disorder of moderate or severe degree. Starting with 22 men who fulfilled our selection criteria, only 8 finished the seven months trial (one month(More)
Follow-up results of a behaviorally orientated treatment program for alcoholic women are presented. Sixty patients, carefully screened, were admitted on a special ward in groups of not larger than 12 for a period of 3 months. Abstinence was the declared goal of all individual and group treatments. More than 13 months after discharge interviews were carried(More)
Dynamical brain states can be characterized by non-linear measures of EEG. The present study shows that critical transitions, i.e., abrupt changes from one dynamic pattern of neural mass activity to another one, may be detected by abrupt variations in local chaoticity. Using an ambulatory device, EEG was recorded from 10 patients with a schizophrenic and(More)
  • H Watzl
  • Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des…
  • 1996
Epidemiological studies of alcohol problems have demonstrated a considerable variation between countries and epoches. Two types of primary prevention strategies of alcohol problems are examined. Firstly, efforts to control and reduce the availability of alcohol including increase of price, restriction of alcohol retail outlets or hours during which alcohol(More)