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Manganese oxidation by manganese peroxidase (MnP) was investigated. Stoichiometric, kinetic, and MnII binding studies demonstrated that MnP has a single manganese binding site near the heme, and two MnIII equivalents are formed at the expense of one H2O2 equivalent. Since each catalytic cycle step is irreversible, the data fit a peroxidase ping-pong(More)
Under secondary metabolic conditions, the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium degraded 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (I). The pathway for the degradation of I was elucidated by the characterization of fungal metabolites and oxidation products generated by lignin peroxidase (LiP), manganese peroxidase (MnP), and crude intracellular cell-free(More)
The crystal structure of the major lignin peroxidase isozyme from Phanerocheate chrysosporium has been refined to an R = 0.15 for data between 8 A and 2.03 A. The refined model consists of 2 lignin peroxidase molecules in the asymmetric unit, 2 calcium ions per monomer, 1 glucosamine per monomer N-linked to Asn-257, and 476 water molecules per asymmetric(More)
Manganese peroxidase (MnP), an extracellular heme enzyme from the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium, catalyzes the Mn(II)-dependent oxidation of a variety of phenols. Herein, we spectroscopically characterize the oxidized states of MnP compounds I, II, and III and clarify the role of Mn in the catalytic cycle of the enzyme. Addition of 1(More)
The crystal structure of lignin peroxidase (LiP) from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been determined to 2.6 A resolution by usine multiple isomorphous replacement methods and simulated annealing refinement. Of the 343 residues, residues 3-335 have been accounted for in the electron density map, including four disulfide bonds. The overall(More)
Homogeneous manganese peroxidase catalyzed the in vitro partial depolymerization of four different 14C-labeled synthetic lignin preparations. Gel permeation profiles demonstrated significant depolymerization of 14C-sidechain-labeled syringyl lignin, a 14C-sidechain-labeled syringyl-guaiacyl copolymer (angiosperm lignin), and depolymerization of(More)
In the presence of MnII, H2O2, and glutathione (GSH), manganese peroxidase oxidized veratryl alcohol (I) to veratraldehyde (IV). Anisyl alcohol (II) and benzyl alcohol (III) were also oxidized by this system to their corresponding aldehydes (V and VI). In the presence of GSH, chemically prepared MnIII or gamma-irradiation also catalyzed the oxidation of I,(More)
Lignin peroxidase compound III (LiPIII) was prepared via three procedures: (a) ferrous LiP + O2 (LiPIIIa), (b) ferric LiP + O2-. (LiPIIIb), and (c) LiP compound II + excess H2O2 followed by treatment with catalase (LiPIIIc). LiPIIIa, b, and c each have a Soret maximum at approximately 414 nm and visible bands at 543 and 578 nm. LiPIIIa, b, and c each slowly(More)
The effect of oxalate, malonate, lactate, and succinate chelators on the reduction of Phanerochaete chrysosporium manganese peroxidase compound II by MnII was investigated using stopped-flow techniques. All rate data were collected from single-turnover experiments under pseudo-first-order conditions. With oxalate, the reduction of compound II by MnII(More)
We demonstrate direct oxidation of ferrocytochrome c by lignin peroxidase (LiP) from the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Steady-state kinetic data fit a peroxidase ping-pong mechanism rather than an ordered bi-bi ping-pong mechanism, suggesting that the reductions of LiP compounds I and II by ferrocytochrome c are irreversible.(More)