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The actions of intracerebroventricularly-infused histamine and selective histamine H1, H2 and H3 receptor agonists on food and water intake and urine flow were studied in rats. It was found that 100-800 nmoles of histamine significantly suppressed feeding. The H1 agonist 2-(3- trifluoromethylphenyl)histamine (FMPH) decreased food intake, whereas the H2(More)
Experimental fluid-percussion models produce brain injury by rapidly injecting saline into the closed cranium of rats. In this study our purpose was to determine how the central histaminergic system, which controls excitability and neurotransmitter release through G-protein coupled receptors, is affected by the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury. We(More)
Histamine has long been recognised as a classical inducer of pruritus. However, the specific mechanism of histamine-induced itch has still not been fully understood. The H1 and H4 receptor appear to be key components in the induction of itch. The specific role of the H3 receptor in histamine-induced itch remains unclear. The aim of our study was to(More)
The nonapeptide [Arg8]vasopressin was rapidly degraded with a half-life of lower than 1 minute after local administration into the hippocampus. During the conversion of vasopressin C-terminal fragments were transiently generated. The profile of these metabolites indicated that they were formed by aminopeptidase activity. The aminopeptidase inhibitor(More)
Beta-casomorphin (5) Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly, a partial sequence of bovine beta-casein with moderate opioid properties and mu-receptor affinity, was modified by substituting for the natural L-amino acids their D-analogs, and D-pipecolic acid, as well as by amidation of the C-terminal. Substitution of D-Pro or D-pipecolic acid for L-Pro4 considerably increased(More)
We report on three patients admitted to psychiatric hospital due to mental disorder in the context of marked pathology of calcium metabolism: a 69 years old male patient with known major depression developed pronounced deterioration of his mental state with distinct hypercalcemia due to parathyroid adenoma, a 90 years old male patient came to treatment with(More)
The blood-brain barrier transport and metabolism of the synthetic beta-casomorphin (beta CM) derivative des-tyrosine1-D-phenylalanine3-beta-casomorphin (DT-D-Phe3-beta CM) were investigated using an in vitro model consisting of primary cultures of bovine cerebrovascular endothelial cells. DT-D-Phe3-beta CM was transported across the endothelial monolayer(More)
Intraperitoneal injection of a brain extract obtained from paradoxical sleep-(PS) deprived donor rats resulted in a small but significant increase of PS in normal recipient rats. Brain extract of non-deprived control rats was without effect. The results provide further evidence for the existence of a PS-inducing factor accumulating in the brain during PS(More)
The degradation of beta-casomorphin 1-5 (Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly (beta CM]--an opiate-like acting pentapeptide--was investigated in brain stem and corpus striatum of male Wistar rats during the first 20 min after an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) application of 166 nmol [3H]Phe3-beta CM. Dependent on the time after [3H]Phe3-beta CM injection, the(More)
1 The movement of radiolabelled 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) between the extracellular medium, the thrombin-releasable (vesicular) compartment, and a non-thrombin-releasable compartment has been investigated in washed human platelets. 2 Appreciable amounts of extracellular 5-HT can accumulate in a non-releasable compartment. Depending on the incubation(More)
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