H. W. El-Hassan

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BACKGROUND Patients attending for endoscopy are generally anxious and worried. AIMS To examine whether music reduced anxiety levels in patients attending for endoscopic procedures. METHODS Prospective randomized controlled trial of 180 patients (M:F 81:99). The effect of age (< or = or >51 years) and procedure (gastroscopy or flexible(More)
The performance of the direct agglutination test (DAT) was evaluated under field conditions in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in eastern Sudan, using aqueous (Aq) antigen which has to be kept refrigerated and a newly developed freeze-dried (FD) antigen which is stable at ambient temperature. Both antigens compared well, with 92-98% of readings(More)
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