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The presence of both the carbonyl portion of the carboxyl group at position 2 of the pyrrolidine ring and a secondary amine was essential for uptake of a compound by the proline permease of Escherichia coli. The permease possessed a high affinity for azetidine-2-carboxylic acid and for compounds with ring structures smaller than the pyrrolidine ring.(More)
Study of protoplasts, lysed protoplasts, and cells treated with lysozyme in the absence of osmotic stabilizer suggested that the alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1.) of Bacillus subtilis is located in the protoplasmic membrane. Cytochemical evidence in support of this view is presented. The enzyme protein was strongly bound to the membrane structure and could(More)