H. Trachsel

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When rabbit reticulocyte lysates are incubated in the absence of hemin or in the presence of low concentrations of double-stranded RNA, the rate of initiation of protein synthesis is severely reduced after a lag period in which control rates are observed. This reduced initiation rate is due to inhibition of the binding of Methionyl-tRNAf to native 40S(More)
We cloned the GCD5 gene of S. cerevisiae and found it to be identical to KRS1, which encodes lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS). The mutation gcd5-1 changes a conserved residue in the putative lysine-binding domain of LysRS. This leads to a defect in lysine binding and, consequently, to reduced charging of tRNA(Lys). Mutant gcd5-1 cells compensate for the defect(More)
A human liver cDNA encoding the beta subunit of protein synthesis initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) was isolated and sequenced. The 1416 bp cDNA encodes a protein of 333 amino acids (38,404 daltons) with characteristics that resemble authentic purified eIF-2 beta. De novo synthesized eIF-2 beta from cDNA transcripts incorporates into endogenous rabbit eIF-2(More)
A monoclonal antibody directed against cap-binding proteins was used to elucidate the possible mechanism by which cap-binding proteins function in initiation of eucaryotic translation. The monoclonal antibody preparation employed in this study exhibited a marked differential effect in inhibiting the translation of folded, capped eucaryotic-mRNAs to a far(More)
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