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BACKGROUND Translation initiation factor 4A (elF4A) is the prototype of the DEAD-box family of proteins. DEAD-box proteins are involved in a variety of cellular processes including splicing, ribosome biogenesis and RNA degradation. Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used to perform RNA unwinding during initiation of mRNA translation. The presence of elF4A is(More)
Monoclonal antibodies directed against rabbit reticulocyte protein synthesis initiation factor 4A (eIF-4A) were used to isolate mouse cDNA clones expressing eIF-4A protein sequences in E. coli. The identity of cDNA clones encoding eIF-4A sequences was confirmed by hybrid-selected translation and peptide mapping of the translation product. Analysis of the(More)
When rabbit reticulocyte lysates are incubated in the absence of hemin or in the presence of low concentrations of double-stranded RNA, the rate of initiation of protein synthesis is severely reduced after a lag period in which control rates are observed. This reduced initiation rate is due to inhibition of the binding of Methionyl-tRNAf to native 40S(More)
We cloned the GCD5 gene of S. cerevisiae and found it to be identical to KRS1, which encodes lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS). The mutation gcd5-1 changes a conserved residue in the putative lysine-binding domain of LysRS. This leads to a defect in lysine binding and, consequently, to reduced charging of tRNA(Lys). Mutant gcd5-1 cells compensate for the defect(More)
A human liver cDNA encoding the beta subunit of protein synthesis initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) was isolated and sequenced. The 1416 bp cDNA encodes a protein of 333 amino acids (38,404 daltons) with characteristics that resemble authentic purified eIF-2 beta. De novo synthesized eIF-2 beta from cDNA transcripts incorporates into endogenous rabbit eIF-2(More)
A monoclonal antibody directed against cap-binding proteins was used to elucidate the possible mechanism by which cap-binding proteins function in initiation of eucaryotic translation. The monoclonal antibody preparation employed in this study exhibited a marked differential effect in inhibiting the translation of folded, capped eucaryotic-mRNAs to a far(More)
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