H. Toyoshima

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Cerebral vascular mean transit time (MTT), defined as the ratio of cerebral blood volume to cerebral blood flow (CBV/CBF), is a valuable indicator of the cerebral circulation. Positron emission tomography (PET) and dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI) are useful for the quantitative determination of MTT in the(More)
PURPOSE Deconvolution based on truncated singular value decomposition (SVD deconvolution) is a promising method for measuring cerebral blood flow (CBF) with dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI), but it has proved extremely sensitive to tracer delay. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of regional(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and vascular mean transit time (MTT) can be determined by dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and deconvolution with an arterial input function. However, deconvolution by a singular value decomposition (SVD) method is sensitive to the tracer delay that often occurs in patients with cerebrovascular(More)
The purpose of this study was to depict 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) accumulation in atherosclerotic lesions of the thoracic and carotid arteries on CT and MR images by means of automatic co-registration software. Fifteen hospitalised men suffering cerebral infarction or severe carotid stenosis requiring surgical treatment participated in this study.(More)
Based on a review of operative notes of recurrent inguinal hernia cases from the authors' primary series, a surgical technique modified from the Marcy repair is described. With this technique, emphasis is placed on preservation of the intact internal spermatic fascia and reduction in the size of the internal inguinal ring. Through the inguinal approach, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Acute decreases in the MR T2*-weighted signal have been reported in experimental models of middle cerebral artery occlusion. This has been attributed to blood deoxygenation in association with an increased brain oxygen extraction fraction. The aim of this study was to detect this signal by susceptibility-weighted MR imaging in acute(More)
Volume expansion associated with brain infarction occurs in perfusion-diffusion mismatch of magnetic resonance imaging. We aimed at elucidating the metabolic impairment of this phenomenon with (15)O positron emission tomography and perfusion and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. Eleven patients with acute unilateral embolic occlusion of the internal(More)
We performed an estimation of longitudinal (T1) and transverse relaxation (T2) time using the general-purpose spreadsheet software Microsoft Excel. The Excel tool "solver" is useful for the simultaneous estimation of both T1 and steady-state magnetization from the non-linear least square method. The estimation time is quick enough for the purpose. T1 and T2(More)
OBJECTIVE The 320-detector row computed tomography (CT) can provide whole-brain CT perfusion (CTP) maps with continuous angiographic images by performing a single dynamic scan. We investigated the reliability of CTP cerebral blood flow (CTP-CBF) with 320-detector row CT by comparing findings with O-positron emission tomography (PET-CBF). METHODS(More)
This paper deals with an LSI design management system which automates CAD program performance analysis. CAD program/library version control, design process control, design cost estimation and the collection of such statistical information as the sizes of the circuits being designed. The design management automation has been accomplished by analyzing(More)