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A random cluster sample survey of approximately 18,000 people in 11 villages was performed in Ulanga, a Tanzanian district with a population of approximately 139,000 people. Well-instructed fourth-year medical students and neurologic and psychiatry nurses identified persons with epilepsy using a screening questionnaire and sent them to a neurologist for(More)
Before a health education program can be established, one must first know what the target population believes and does with respect to the disease in question. Therefore, we performed a study among Tanzanian rural inhabitants to identify their knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward epilepsy: 3,256 heads of households (mean age 40.2 years, range(More)
While working as a physician in Tanzania in the early 1960s, Dr. Louise Jilek-Aall founded an outpatient clinic for epilepsy among the Pogoro people of Mahenge mountains where epilepsy (locally termed Kifafa) had brought misery and death to an unusually high percentage of the population. With local assistance and overseas donations of phenobarbital (PB),(More)
Persons with epilepsy are shunned and discriminated against in education, employment, and marriage in Africa, because epilepsy is seen as a highly contagious and shameful disease in the eyes of the public. These observations come from many studies carried out in Africa including recent ones in Nigeria and Liberia. The KAP towards epilepsy among school(More)
Cross-sectional clinical, parasitological and entomological surveys for bancroftian filariasis were conducted in Konde, Chake Chake and Kengeja, three urban and semiurban communities on Pemba Island, and the results were compared with similar surveys done 15 years earlier. The overall prevalences of clinical manifestations among males aged 15 years or more(More)
Headache is a common symptom that constitutes a major health problem to all countries in the world with a variable prevalence from about 20.2% in the African population to about 80% in populations of the civilized world. Community-based studies in African populations are still scanty, and the impact on health facility utilization and sickness absence from(More)
  • H T Rwiza
  • 1991
Ten agitated and psychotic patients were admitted to Usangi hospital after having eaten stiff-porridge (Ugali) made from millet (Serena). This had been bought from the local regional branch of the National Milling Corporation (NMC). The patients had cardinal signs of atropine poisoning, viz., psychosis with hallucinations, tachycardia, fixed dilated pupils(More)
Kifafa is the Swahili name for an epileptic seizure disorder, first reported in the early 1960s, that is prevalent in the Wapogoro tribe of the Mahenge region of Tanzania in eastern Africa. A 1990 epidemiological survey of seizure disorders in this region reported a prevalence in the range of 19/1,000-36/1,000, with a mean age at onset of 11.6 years; 80% of(More)