H. Steven Colburn

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In a reverberant environment, sounds reach the ears through several paths. Although the direct sound is followed by multiple reflections, which would be audible in isolation, the first-arriving wavefront dominates many aspects of perception. The "precedence effect" refers to a group of phenomena that are thought to be involved in resolving competition for(More)
Measurements of interaural cross-correlation jnds from two reference correlations at several bandwidths were obtained for constant-total-power and constant-spectral-power Gaussian noise. At a reference correlation of 1, the results indicate that for bandwidths less than or equal to 115 Hz the jnd remains at a constant value of approximately 0.004, and(More)
Experiments were conducted with a single, bilateral cochlear implant user to examine interaural level and time-delay cues that putatively underlie the design and efficacy of bilateral implant systems. The subject's two implants were of different types but custom equipment allowed presentation of controlled bilateral stimuli, particularly those with(More)
This study reports simulations of recent physiological results from the gerbil medial superior olive (MSO) that reveal that blocking glycinergic inhibition can shift the tuning for the interaural time difference (ITD) of the cell (Brand et al., 2002). Our simulations indicate that the model proposed in the study by Brand et al. (2002) requires precisely(More)
The inferior colliculus (IC) model of Cai et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 475-493 (1998)] simulated the binaural response properties of low-frequency IC neurons in response to various acoustic stimuli. This model, however, failed to simulate the sensitivities of IC neurons to dynamically changing temporal features, such as the sharpened dynamic interaural(More)
Natural environments typically contain sound sources other than the source of interest that may interfere with the ability of listeners to extract information about the primary source. Studies of speech intelligibility and localization by normal-hearing listeners in the presence of competing speech are reported on in this work. One, two or three competing(More)
Sensitivity to interaural time difference (ITD) in constant-amplitude pulse trains was measured in four sequentially implanted bilateral cochlear implant (CI) subjects. The sensitivity measurements were made as a function of time beginning directly after the second ear was implanted, continued for periods of months before subjects began wearing bilateral(More)