H Steven Choi

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Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in environmental stress responses of higher plants during vegetative growth. One of the ABA-mediated responses is the induced expression of a large number of genes, which is mediated by cis-regulatory elements known as abscisic acid-responsive elements (ABREs). Although a number of ABRE binding transcription(More)
We have produced 22 090 primary transgenic rice plants that carry a T-DNA insertion, which has resulted in 18 358 fertile lines. Genomic DNA gel-blot and PCR analyses have shown that approximately 65% of the population contains more than one copy of the inserted T-DNA. Hygromycin resistance tests revealed that transgenic plants contain an average of 1.4(More)
We have identified and characterized a new orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, called MB67, which is predominantly expressed in liver. MB67 binds and transactivates the retinoic acid response elements that control expression of the retinoic acid receptor beta 2 and alcohol dehydrogenase 3 genes, both of which consist of a direct(More)
Stomatal opening provides access to inner leaf tissues for many plant pathogens, so narrowing stomatal apertures may be advantageous for plant defense. We investigated how guard cells respond to elicitors that can be generated from cell walls of plants or pathogens during pathogen infection. The effect of oligogalacturonic acid (OGA), a degradation product(More)
A single volume element (voxel) in a medical image may be composed of a mixture of multiple tissue types. The authors call voxels which contain multiple tissue classes mixels. A statistical mixel image model based on Markov random field (MRF) theory and an algorithm for the classification of mixels are presented. The authors concentrate on the(More)
SHP is an orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that contains the dimerization and ligand-binding domain found in other family members but lacks the conserved DNA binding domain. In the yeast two-hybrid system, SHP interacted with several conventional and orphan members of the receptor superfamily, including retinoid receptors, the(More)
The orphan receptor CAR-beta binds DNA as a heterodimer with the retinoid-X receptor and activates gene transcription in a constitutive manner. Here we show that, in contrast to the classical nuclear receptors, the constitutive activity of CAR-beta results from a ligand-independent recruitment of transcriptional co-activators. While searching for potential(More)
We have identified a new murine orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, termed mCAR, that is closely related to the previously described human orphan MB67, referred to here as hCAR. Like hCAR, mCAR expression is highest in liver. In addition to the most abundant mCAR1 isoform, the mCAR gene expresses a truncated mCAR2 variant that is(More)
A thermophilic microorganism, Bacillus thermoleovorans ID-1, isolated from hot springs in Indonesia, showed extracellular lipase activity and high growth rates on lipid substrates at elevated temperatures. On olive oil (1.5%, w/v) as the sole carbon source, the isolate ID-1 grew very rapidly at 65 degrees C with its specific growth rate (2.50 h(-1)) and its(More)
The thyroid hormone (T3) receptors (TRs) are hormone-dependent transcription factors that regulate expression of a variety of specific target genes. To help elucidate the mechanisms that underlie this transcriptional regulation and other potential TR activities, we used the yeast interaction trap to isolate clones encoding proteins that specifically(More)