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Substantial plasticity of the mature mammalian somatosensory cortex was demonstrated after deprivation of sensory input produced by amputation or somatosensory deafferentation. Following transection of the median nerve, adult owl and squirrel monkeys exhibit extensive reorganization in the cortical representation of the hand in areas 3b and 1. In the(More)
We investigated two important means for improving source reconstruction in presurgical epilepsy diagnosis. The first investigation is about the optimal choice of the number of epileptic spikes in averaging to (1) sufficiently reduce the noise bias for an accurate determination of the center of gravity of the epileptic activity and (2) still get an(More)
We propose a histopathological classification system for hippocampal cell loss in patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsies (MTLE). One hundred and seventy-eight surgically resected specimens were microscopically examined with respect to neuronal cell loss in hippocampal subfields CA1-CA4 and dentate gyrus. Five distinct patterns were(More)
Epilepsy surgery is based upon the minute assessment of brain tissue generating epileptic activity. A number of diagnostic methods are employed in the process of presurgical evaluation, supplying information on various morphological and functional aspects, ultimately integrated into the general result fundamental to the final treatment decision. Magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Cavernous haemangiomas (cavernomas) are benign vascular malformations which can be found at any region within the central nervous system. Epilepsy is the most frequent manifestation of this malformation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) used for the diagnostic evaluation of symptomatic seizures is a sensitive and specific method for the detection(More)
PURPOSE Autonomic seizures in temporal lobe epilepsies associated with "cold shivers and goose bumps" as a principal ictal sign or aura have only rarely been studied. METHODS Sixteen patients with autonomic auras [cold shivers or cold sweats (n=11), goose bumps (n=4), one patient showed both ictal signs] were analyzed. RESULTS Lesions were detected in(More)
PURPOSE In this study 30 patients with symptomatic epilepsy caused by cavernomas were investigated in a postoperative follow up study to assess predictors for postoperative outcome with respect to indications, time and approach of surgery. METHODS Thirty patients with cavernomas refractory to medical treatment were scheduled for surgery based on the(More)
These guidelines apply to patients whose seizures have not been controlled by antiepileptic drugs and who are being evaluated for possible surgery. They are supplemental to the general ''Recommendations for Neuroimaging of Patients with Epilepsy. " 2. GOALS In individual patients undergoing presurgical evalua-a. Delineation of structural and functional(More)
Seven patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsies were investigated using MEG and EEG. Spike-wave series were seen in all patients, single spikes in six. For both, source analysis showed most often involvement of frontal, perinsular and subcortical/thalamic areas. In all patients, a unilateral frontal accentuation of activity could be observed. Patients(More)