H. Stacy Nicholson

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The optimum treatment of nonresectable low-grade gliomas of childhood remains undecided. There has been increased interest in the use of chemotherapy for young children, but little information concerning the long-term efficacy of such treatment. Seventy-eight children with a mean age of 3 years (range 3 months-16 years) who had newly diagnosed, progressive(More)
PURPOSE Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. After treatment with surgery and radiation therapy, approximately 60% of children with medulloblastoma are alive and free of progressive disease 5 years after diagnosis, but many have significant neurocognitive sequelae. This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility and(More)
PURPOSE This study investigates the response rate to and toxicity of carboplatin and vincristine in children with recurrent low-grade gliomas (LGGs) or patients younger than 60 months with newly diagnosed LGGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-three children with recurrent and 37 children with newly diagnosed LGGs were treated with a 10-week induction cycle of(More)
Childhood brain tumors (CBT) include a diversity of rare neoplasms of largely unknown etiology. To assess possible maternal and perinatal risk factors for CBT according to subtype, we carried out a nested (within Swedish birth-cohorts, 1973–89) case-control study, utilizing data from the nationwide Birth Registry. We ascertained incident brain tumor cases(More)
BACKGROUND Effective chemotherapy is lacking for most types of central nervous system (CNS) tumors in children. Temozolomide, an agent with activity against adult brain tumors, was investigated in children and adolescents with recurrent CNS tumors. METHODS Temozolomide was administered orally as monthly 5-day courses at doses of 200 mg/m(2)/d (patients(More)
It has previously been reported in a single-institution trial that progression-free survival of children with medulloblastoma treated with radiotherapy and 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU), cisplatin, and vincristine chemotherapy during and after radiotherapy was better than the outcome in children treated with radiotherapy alone. To(More)
Difficulties with negotiating and achieving desired social outcomes in life may be exacerbated by the experience of childhood cancer, including adverse effects from therapies used to achieve a cure. This review of previous publications from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and other relevant literature provides insight into the prevalence of, and(More)
PURPOSE To describe the neurologic and neurosensory deficits in children with brain tumors (BTs), compare incidence of these deficits with that of a sibling control group, and evaluate the factors associated with the development of these deficits. PATIENTS AND METHODS Detailed questionnaires were completed on 1,607 patients diagnosed between 1970 and 1986(More)
The reported success of treatment for children with medulloblastoma must be balanced against the effect that treatment has on the quality of life of long-term survivors. The outcome of long-term survivors reported in previous studies has been conflicting. The authors evaluate the mental and behavioral skills of a group of medulloblastoma survivors from(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood cancer survivors who retain ovarian function after completing cancer treatment are at increased risk of developing premature menopause, defined as cessation of menses before age 40 years. However, published data pertaining to the risk and frequency of premature menopause are limited. METHODS We assessed the incidence of and risk(More)