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Long-reach passive optical network (LR-PON) is a cost-effective solution for providing broadband access spanning large areas. LR-PON extends the coverage span of PONs from the traditional 20 km range to 100 km and consolidates the multiple optical line terminals (OLTs) and central offices, thus reducing the operational cost and serving many more users.(More)
Conventional frequency-domain frequency-modulation continuous-wave (FMCW) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) raw data simulators (RDSs) can only handle the case of static targets while the scene with moving targets cannot be accommodated. In FMCW SAR, the motion of the radar and moving targets during the pulse duration must be considered, thus posing a(More)
Microfluorometric method has been described for the determination of aldose reductase and aldehyde reductase II activities in human erythrocyte, brain, and lens. The enzyme activity determined by the microfluorometric method was compared with the activity determined spectrophotometrically by following the oxidation of NADPH and fluorometrically by the(More)
Ovariectomized (OVX) rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with femur fracture received vehicle, insulin, or insulin plus parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment for 2 and 3 weeks. Radiography, histomorphometry, histology, and immunohistochemistry in callus were evaluated. Reports about effects of PTH plus insulin on callus formation of osteoporotic(More)
To study the relationship of the polymorphism of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene 5'-flanking regulatory sequence and Type 2 diabetes, the IRS-1 gene 5'-flanking regulatory sequence was scanned by PCR-SSCP in 78 healthy control subjects and 76 Type 2 diabetic subjects. Applying PCR-denatured polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver(More)
We investigated the effect of calcitonin (CT) on lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration (LIDD) in rats with ovariectomy-induced osteopenia. CT protected ovariectomized rats from LIDD by, at least in part, modifying extracellular matrix metabolism of the disks and preserving the microarchitecture and biomechanical properties of adjacent vertebrae. The(More)
The screening method of seven alleles (Z-6, Z-4, Z-2, Z, Z + 2, Z + 4 and Z + 6) in the (A-C)n dinucleotide tandem repeat sequence was studied. These alleles constitute a microsatellite DNA marker upstream of the transcription initiation site on the aldose reductase gene. At first, genoimic DNAs were isolated from leucocyte pellets, and the region(More)
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