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A total of 32,022 Mexican children (16,473 boys, 15,549 girls) were examined for several congenital oral and paraoral anomalies. The findings for commissural lip pits (boys 53.1, girls 52.4 per 1000) are less than those reported for adults. This may indicate that pits become accentuated with age. Fordyce granules were seen with a prevalence of 1.2 per 1000.(More)
Five types of oculocutaneous albinism and two types of ocular albinism were found among 349 Puerto Rican albinos. The most prevalent type of albinism was the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). HPS was observed in five of every six albinos in Puerto Rico. The prevalence of HPS was highest in the northwestern quarter of the island, affecting approximately one(More)
A case of aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) of the mandible, recurring for the third time and arising in conjunction with fibrous dysplasia, is reported. A comprehensive review of the literature and analysis of over 50 cases of ABC of the jaws yielded the following results: ABCs of the jaws constitute 1.5 % of all non-odontogenic and non-epithelial cysts of the(More)
The clinical, pigmentary, and ceroid storage manifestations of the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) triad of albinism, hemorrhagic diathesis, and ceroid storage disease are variable. Therefore, a rapid and accurate method of diagnosing HPS is needed. Platelets of 66 albinos were examined by electron microscopy for the presence or absence of dense bodies.(More)
Vitamin D-dependent rickets type I (VDDRI) represents an autosomal recessive hereditary defect in vitamin D metabolism. Patients with VDDRI have mutations of chromosome 12 that affect the gene for the enzyme 1-alpha-hydroxylase, resulting in decreased levels of 1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D. Clinical features include growth failure, hypotonia, weakness, rachitic(More)
Over a decade has elapsed since the senior author became interested in the multiple nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. During the intervening years many facets of the syndrome have been examined and the evidence weighed concerning new findings. The original triad of signs, multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts and skeletal anomalies, has been(More)
Respiratory scleroma (rhinoscleroma) is a chronic granulomatous infection produced by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, a gram-negative aerobic coccobacillus. This disease is endemic to Africa, Central and South America, South Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and China. Sporadic cases have been reported in the United States, especially in persons who(More)