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We examined molecular and electrophysiological properties of the electroneutral sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter (NBCn1) that is present in rat hippocampal neurons. By PCR, a deletion variant (NBCn1-E) that lacks 123 amino acids in the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain was found in adult neurons. The previously characterized NBCn1-B, which does not have the(More)
In this study, we examined the tissue-specific expression of two electroneutral Na/HCO(3) cotransporter (NBCn1) variants that differ from each other by the presence of the N-terminal 123 amino acids (cassette II). A rat Northern blot with the probe to nucleotides encoding cassette II detected a 9 kb NBCn1 mRNA strongly in the heart and weakly in skeletal(More)
In this study, we examined the effect of bicarbonate transporters on ammonium/ammonia uptake in the medullary thick ascending limb cell line ST-1. Cells were treated with 1 mm ouabain and 0.2 mM bumetanide to minimize carrier-mediated NH(4)(+) transport, and the intracellular accumulation of (14)C-methylammonium/methylammonia ((14)C-MA) was determined. In(More)
This paper presents the low power architecture of CalmRISC, a low power 8-bit microcontroller consuming only 0.1mW per MIPS at 3.0V, and its efficient coprocessor interface. The architectural consideration of CalmRISC for low power consumption is presented. Some low power circuit design schemes as well as an efficient coprocessor interface scheme in(More)
We examined the effect of 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI) on the potentiation of 5-hydroytryptamine (5-HT)(3) receptor function by ethanol (EtOH) so as to study whether EtOH potentiates channel function through increasing activation or blocking desensitization. We measured 5-HT(3) receptor current using a whole-cell voltage clamp technique with a method of rapid(More)
The sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 (SLC4A7) is an acid-base transporter that normally moves Na(+) and HCO(3)(-) into the cell. This membrane protein is sensitive to cellular and systemic pH changes. We examined NBCn1 expression and localization in the brain and its response to chronic metabolic acidosis. Two new NBCn1 antibodies were generated by(More)
Growing evidence suggests that pharmacological inhibition of Na/H exchange and Na/HCO(3) transport provides protection against damage or injury in cardiac ischemia. In this study, we examined the contribution of the sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 (slc4a7) to cytotoxicity in cultured hippocampal neurons of rats. In neurons exposed to extracellular pH(More)