H S Suidan

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Glia-derived nexin/protease nexin-1 (GDN/PN-1) is a serine protease inhibitor that is secreted by glial cells and fibroblasts in culture. In the adult mammalian nervous system it has been shown to be expressed in the olfactory system and by some glial cells in response to neuronal injury. In situ hybridization and immunocytochemical studies were performed(More)
HDs racI Thrombin causes profound metabolic and morphological changes in cultured neural cells via activation of the thrombin receptor, also called protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1). PAR1 mRNA is present in the rat brain, but the role of this receptor in the nervous system remains elusive. The expression of PAR1 and the potent thrombin inhibitor protease(More)
The mechanism by which thrombin induces neurite retraction was studied in NB2a mouse neuroblastoma cells. The rapid effect of thrombin (completed within minutes) appears to involve an interaction between its anion-binding exosite and the thrombin receptor. Structural alterations of this site increase the EC50 for thrombin-mediated retraction, and a hirudin(More)
Thrombin activates its receptor in a number of cultured cells of neural origin, but the functional significance of this activation in the nervous system is unknown. It is also not known which cells in brain express the thrombin receptor and whether the level of its expression is developmentally regulated. In the present study, Northern blot analysis showed(More)
A method for clamping cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in cultures of rat sympathetic neurons at or below resting levels for several days was devised to determine whether Ca2+ signals are required for neurite outgrowth from neurons that depend on Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) for their growth and survival. To control [Ca2+]i, normal Ca2+ influx was eliminated by(More)
Adenosine triphosphate synthesis and metabolism in cultured sympathetic neurons was studied after the incorporation of [2-3H]adenine into intact or microdissected neurites to determine whether ATP is provided locally during neurite outgrowth, when and where it is synthesized and how its levels are regulated at rest and following depolarization. Neurites(More)
The agonists carbachol (CCh) and bradykinin (BK) and 54 mM KCl (high K+) were among the most potent stimulants of cyclic AMP (cAMP) production in cultured rat sympathetic neurons, measured with the use of a high-fidelity assay developed for small samples. The rise in cAMP evoked by CCh (through muscarinic receptors), BK, and high K+ was inhibited in(More)
A method for clamping cytosolic free Ca 2+ ([Ca2+]~) in cultures of rat sympathetic neurons at or below resting levels for several days was devised to determine whether Ca 2+ signals are required for neu-rite outgrowth from neurons that depend on Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) for their growth and survival. To control [Ca2+]i, normal Ca 2+ influx was eliminated(More)
We have examined the question of how regenerating sympathetic neurons that are concomitantly induced to become cholinergic regulate choline allocation between ACh and the phospholipid synthetic pathway. The allocation of choline into ACh increased parabolically with time in culture, and by 3 weeks, cultures with neurites of approximately 6 mm length were(More)
The mechanism of receptor-induced activation of adenylate cyclase has been proposed to involve an enhanced exchange of GDP for GTP. The kinetics of this process have not been investigated so far in the brain due to a spontaneous activation of the enzyme by guanyl nucleotides, which precludes the ability to follow receptor-dependent events. We show that it(More)
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