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Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of the haem metabolic pathway characterised by accumulation of protoporphyrin in blood, erythrocytes and tissues, and cutaneous manifestations of photosensitivity. EPP has been reported worldwide, with prevalence between 1:75,000 and 1:200,000. It usually manifests in early infancy upon the first(More)
BACKGROUND Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an inherited disorder in the heme biosynthetic pathway caused by a partial deficiency of porphobilinogen (PBG) deaminase. Clinically, AIP is characterized as acute neurovisceral attacks that are often precipitated by exogenous factors such as drugs, hormones, and alcohol. An early detection of mutation(More)
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of heme biosynthesis characterized by partial decrease in ferrochelatase (FECH; EC activity with protoporphyrin overproduction and consequent painful skin photosensitivity and rarely liver disease. EPP is normally inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with low clinical(More)
Understanding of cellular processes and underlying molecular events requires knowledge about different aspects of molecular interactions, networks of molecules and pathways in addition to the sequence, structure and function of individual molecules involved. Databases of interacting molecules, pathways and related chemical reaction equations have been(More)
Variegate porphyria (VP) is an acute hepatic porphyria with autosomal dominant inheritance due to a partial deficiency of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) activity. The molecular defect responsible for VP was investigated by sequencing PPOX gene coding sequence from four patients in three unrelated VP families of French Caucasian origin. In a first(More)
We investigated the possible role of chromosome 10q losses in colorectal cancer metastasis by carrying out an allelic imbalance study on a series of microsatellite instability-negative (MSI-) primary tumours (n=32) and metastases (n=36) from 49 patients. Our results demonstrate that 10q allelic losses are associated with a significant proportion (25%) of(More)
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of heme biosynthesis caused by partial ferrochelatase deficiency, resulting in protoporphyrin overproduction which is responsible for painful skin photosensitivity. Chronic liver disease is the most severe complication of EPP, requiring liver transplantation in some patients. Data from a mouse(More)
Frameshift mutations in the last coding exon of the 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS) 2 gene were described to activate the enzyme causing increased levels of zinc- and metal-free protoporphyrin in patients with X-linked dominant protoporphyria (XLDPP). Only two such so-called gain-of-function mutations have been reported since the description of XLDPP in(More)
Porphyrias, a group of inborn errors of heme synthesis, are classified as hepatic or erythropoietic according to clinical data and the main site of expression of the specific enzymatic defect. Hereditary coproporphyria (HC) is an acute hepatic porphyria with autosomal dominant inheritance caused by deficient activity of coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (COX).(More)
Hereditary coproporphyria (HCP), an autosomal dominant acute hepatic porphyria, results from mutations in the gene that encodes coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (CPO). HCP (heterozygous or rarely homozygous) patients present with an acute neurovisceral crisis, sometimes associated with skin lesions. Four patients (two families) have been reported with a(More)