H. S. Murali

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Zearalenone (ZEN) is a mycotoxin from Fusarium species commonly found in many food commodities and are known to cause reproductive disorders, genotoxic and immunosuppressive effects. Although many studies have demonstrated the cytotoxic effects of ZEN, the mechanisms by which ZEN mediates its cytotoxic effects appear to differ according to cell type and(More)
A red yeast (Rhodotorula glutinis DFR-PDY) strain, isolated from a contaminated Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) plate, was evaluated for its growth and pigment production. The yeast was able to grow and produce carotenoid pigments over a wide range of pH from 2.5 to 9.5 (optimum pH 5.5) and at ambient temperature of 29-32C in a modified Czapek Dox broth after 12(More)
Bacillus cereus, Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus anthracis are the major concerns for the food safety in terms of frequency and/or seriousness of the disease. Being members of the same group and sharing DNA homology to a larger extent, they do create problems when their specific detection/identification is attempted from different food and environmental(More)
AIM To develop and evaluate a multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay (mPCR) for the concurrent detection of four major mycotoxin metabolic pathway genes, viz. nor1 (aflatoxin), Tri6 (trichothecene), FUM13 (fumonisin) and otanps (ochratoxin A). METHODS AND RESULTS A mPCR assay with competitive internal amplification control, employing specific primers(More)
Aeromonas hydrophila and other aeromonads are ubiquitous organisms found in meat, vegetables, drinking water and various other food items. They cause diarrhea and extra-intestinal infections in normal and immunocompromised patients. The aim of the study was to develop a multiplex PCR assay for the detection of virulence-associated genes of Aeromonas(More)
Hundred Fusarium culmorum strains, isolated from freshly harvested maize grain samples from Southern parts of India, were incubated in czapek-dox medium and analyzed for trichothecene (DON/NIV) production. The mPCR assay was standardized targeting trichothecene metabolic pathway genes viz., Tri6, Tri7, Tri13 for detection of trichothecene (DON/NIV)(More)
Classical pathogenic strains of Yersinia enterocolitica produce a 17 kDa outer membrane protein, Ail (attachment-invasion locus), which mediates bacterial attachment to some cultures epithelial cell lines and invasion of others. In the present study, hybridomas were developed for the production of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against Ail protein of Y.(More)
The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play an important role in the fermentation of vegetables to improve nutritive value, palatability, acceptability, microbial quality and shelf life of the fermented produce. The LAB associated with beetroot and carrot fermentation were identified and characterized using different molecular tools. Amplified ribosomal DNA(More)
Fumonisins are one of the most agriculturally significant environmental toxins produced by Fusarium and Aspergillus species that grow on agricultural commodities in the field or during storage. Cereals contaminated with fumonisins causes serious loss to agricultural produce leads to health problems in humans and other farm animals. In the present study,(More)
AIM To evaluate the potential of an intergeneric multidomain recombinant chimeric protein for the simultaneous detection of Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis and Staphylococcal enterotoxin B. METHODS AND RESULTS Truncated portions of protective antigen (pag) of B. anthracis, fraction 1 capsular antigen (F1) of Y. pestis and enterotoxin B (entB) of(More)