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It has been well established that overexpression of Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) in epithelial cells inhibits apoptosis and increases the invasiveness of malignant cells, favoring tumorigenesis and metastasis. However, the molecular mechanism that regulates Cox-2 expression has not been well defined in gastric carcinoma. In this study, we examined whether the(More)
Silencing of p16(INK4a) by methylation of the CpG islands in the promoter region has been found to be an alternative mechanism of inactivation in several tumors. However, in gastric carcinoma, the relationship between methylation status and the transcriptional silencing of the p16 gene remains to be clarified. In this study, we investigated whether(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) exerts an inhibitory effect on the growth of most epithelial cell types, and the loss of responsiveness to this growth inhibition has been implicated in the development of a variety of human cancers. The genetic alteration of TGF-beta receptors is known to play a critical role in this escape from growth regulation.(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase activation is thought to be essential for the stabilization of telomere length, through which immortalization and oncogenesis are achieved, but little is known about the regulation of telomerase in human gastric carcinoma cells. METHODS A total of 27 primary gastric tumors, 29 cases of intestinal metaplasia, and 30 cases of normal(More)
The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3), a recently cloned member of TIMP gene family, has been implicated in the negative regulation of tumor cell invasion and tumor growth. Down-regulation of this gene has been shown to occur in a mouse carcinogenesis model, suggesting that it might play a role in the tumor progression of some cancers. In(More)
Although TGF-beta1, a growth inhibitor, is known to also induce apoptosis, the molecular mechanism of this apoptosis is largely undefined. Here, we identify the mechanism of TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis in SNU-16 human gastric cancer cells. Cell cycle and TUNEL analysis showed that, upon TGF-beta1 treatment, cells were initially arrested at the G1 phase and(More)
BACKGROUND Transcriptional silencing of tumour suppressor genes by DNA hypermethylation plays a crucial role in the progression of gastric cancer. Many genes involved in the regulation of cell cycle, tissue invasion, DNA repair and apoptosis have been shown to be inactivated by this type of epigenetic mechanism. RESULTS Recent studies have demonstrated(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional polypeptide that inhibits cellular proliferation in most epithelial cells. cdk4 and several cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitors (p15INK4B, p21WAF1/Cip1 and p27Kip1) have been implicated in the TGF-beta-induced cell cycle arrest. More recently, down-regulation of Cdc25A, a cdk activator,(More)
13126 Background: CKD601, a newly developed telomerase inhibitor, shows an anti-cancer effect through its inhibitory effect on telomerase, by intercalation of the drug into the structures of the G-quadruplex. No study has been conducted to assess the anti-cancer effects of CKD601 in regards to gastric cancer. We attempted to confirm the anti-cancer effect(More)
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