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The knowledge of the structure of the ribosome is an essential requirement to reveal its role at the molecular level in the process of protein biosynthesis. This information is being obtained by a battery of chemical, physical, immunological and genetic methods (for reviews see [1]). Important methods for the study of the three-dimensional structure of the(More)
Crystals of intact small ribosomal subunits from Thermus thermophilus have been obtained from functionally active particles. The crystals (P42(1)2, 407 A x 407 A x 171 A) are suitable for X-ray crystallography analysis to 9.9 A using synchrotron radiation at cryotemperature. Crystallographic data from native and a potential heavy-atom derivative have been(More)
A better understanding of the molecular mechanism of protein biosynthesis still awaits a reliable model for the ribosomal particle. We describe here the application of a diffraction technique, namely three-dimensional image reconstruction from two-dimensional sheets of 70S ribosomes from Bacillus stearothermophilus at 47 A resolution. The three-dimensional(More)
Ich m6chte Ihnen zun~ichst zeigen, wie grol3 die Unterschiede zwischen dem normalen Stoffwechsel und dem Krebsstoffwechsel sind. In Fig. t sehen Sie ein Manometriegefiil3, das eine Suspension von Zellen entMlt. Im Gasraum befindet sich Sauerstoff mit 5Vol.-% Kohlenstiure. Gef~tB und Manometer werden bei 38 ~ schnell in horizontaler Richtung hinund(More)
Polylysine chains were synthesized on Bacillus stearothermophilus ribosomes in a poly(A)-programmed in vitro system. After separation of the ribosomal subunits by sucrose gradient centrifugation, the polylysine chains (in contrast to the polyphenylalanine chains synthesized in a poly(U) system) reproducibly remained attached to the large ribosomal subunit.(More)
A procedure for the in vitro growth of well-ordered two-dimensional sheets from ribosomal particles using salts and salt-alcohol mixtures has been developed. Employing this procedure, ordered two-dimensional sheets of the wild type as well as of mutated 50 S ribosomal subunits from Bacillus stearothermophilus can readily be obtained. These sheets, stained(More)
Crystals of ribosomes, their complexes with components of protein biosynthesis, their natural, mutated and modified subunits, have been subjected to X-ray and neutron crystallographic analyses. Electron microscopy and 3-dimensional image reconstruction, supported by biochemistry, genetic, functional and organo-metallic studies were employed for facilitating(More)
Bacillus stearothermophilus mutations which confer resistance to or dependence on a variety of ribosome-targeted antibiotics have been isolated. Many of these mutations produce ribosomal proteins with altered mobilities in a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis system. This collection of altered thermophilic ribosomal proteins will be useful in examining(More)