BACKGROUND Recent studies of melanin biosynthesis have uncovered an unusual enzymatic activity which converts the non-naturally occurring D-isomer of 2-carboxy-2,3-dihydroindole-5,6-quinone (dopachrome) into 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA). The aim of the present investigation was to isolate and characterize the enzyme catalyzing this… (More)
Model melanins, synthesized with different cysteinyldopamine/dopamine ratios in the incubates, were oxidized with KMnO4 and the resulting compounds were analyzed by HPLC. The ratios between a phaeomelanin-derived compound, thiazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (TDCA), and a compound derived from eumelanin, pyrrole-2,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (PTCA), reflected the… (More)
The electrophysiological properties of cultured human melanocytes were investigated using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Depolarizations to membrane potentials more positive than -30 mV resulted in the rapid development ( < 1 ms to peak) of an inward current. The maximum peak current was observed at +10 mV and reached an average… (More)
Dopa, catecholamines, and dopac were determined in superior cervical ganglia of albino rats. The average amount of dopa in ganglia of control animals was 1.1--1.6 micrograms/g. The concentrations of catecholamines and dopac were similar to values reported by others. The tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor alpha-methylparatyrosine methyl ester caused marked… (More)
Red cock feathers (Rhode Island) were found to contain dopa and cysteinyldopa, trichochromes B and C, and two unidentified trichochromes. Trichochromes E and F were not found. Previous findings of trichochromes E and F may be explained as artifacts.