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Emerging infectious diseases are a key threat to conservation and public health, yet predicting and preventing their emergence is notoriously difficult. We devised a predictive model for the introduction of a zoonotic vector-borne pathogen by considering each of the pathways by which it may be introduced to a new area and comparing the relative risk of each(More)
Previous studies suggest that olfactory cues from damaged and fermented fruits play important roles in resource recognition of polyphagous spotted wing Drosophila flies (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae). They are attracted to fermented sweet materials, such as decomposing fruits but also wines and vinegars, and to ubiquitous(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) has been implicated as an important factor in the pathophysiology of heart diseases. Following the recent identification of two subtypes of the AII receptor in cardiac tissue of animals, we investigated the possible occurrence of these, or similar, subtypes in human atrial tissue. In right-atrial tissue from patients undergoing heart(More)
All the components of the renin-angiotensin system have been identified in the heart including the angiotensin II receptor subtypes AT1 and AT2. In the normal human heart, there is a decreasing receptor density from the right atrium to the left ventricle. In right atrial membranes prepared from pathological hearts, the percentage of AT1 receptor decreases(More)
The nucleoside content of 18 S rRNA from rat liver is determined under conditions known to prevent the destruction of chemically labile modified nucleosides. Two base-modified nucleosides, not completely identified before, are shown to be N6-methyladenosine and 7-methylguanosine. The results further demonstrate the presence of a hitherto unidentified(More)
Recently, the novel dihydropyridine derivates YC-170, CGP 28392, and BAY K 8644 have been reported to act in the opposite way to Ca2+-entry blockers. We have found that these compounds inhibit the binding of [3H]nitrendipine on guinea pig heart membranes (Ki: 6 nM BAY K 8644, 115 nM CGP 28392 and 690 nM YC-170). Like those of nifedipine (Ki 1 nM), the(More)
This study examines the effects of angiotensin II on hypertrophy and proliferation of aortic smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats and the receptor subtypes mediating these effects. In quiescent confluent cells, angiotensin II induced a dose-dependent increase in thymidine and leucine incorporation without stimulating(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an essential component of the renin-angiotensin system and is partially responsible for the maintenance of hypertension. Two major receptor subtypes have been defined for Ang II and have been detected in the heart of various species. Most of the known functions of Ang II are mediated via the AT1 subtype, whereas the function of(More)
CGP 28392, a novel compound structurally related to the dihydropyridine Ca2+-entry blockers, causes a dose-dependent increase in intracellular free Ca2+ in human platelets, as measured with the Quin-2 Ca2+ indicator, with a semimaximal effective concentration of 2.2 X 10(-7) M. This effect occurs in a concentration range in which CGP 28392 competes for(More)
Although the action of angiotensin-II (Ang-II) is believed to be mediated by a transmembrane signal transduction mechanism, accumulating evidence suggests that Ang-II may also have a direct nuclear action. We have characterized the nuclear Ang-II-binding site in purified nuclei preparation from rat liver and compared it to plasma membrane Ang-II receptors.(More)