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Adult somatic cell nuclear transfer was used to determine the totipotent potential of cultured mural granulosa cells, obtained from a Friesian dairy cow of high genetic merit. Nuclei were exposed to oocyte cytoplasm for prolonged periods by electrically fusing quiescent cultured cells to enucleated metaphase II cytoplasts 4-6 h before activation (fusion(More)
Previous work suggests that a number of factors such as follicle size, day of estrous cycle, and level of atresia influence the developmental potential of bovine oocytes in vitro. To understand better the interactions of these factors, 1299 follicles > or =3 mm in diameter were dissected from ovaries of synchronized dairy cows on four days (d2, d7, d10, or(More)
Supplementation of synthetic oviduct fluid (SOF) medium plus amino acids and bovine serum albumin (BSA) with either fetal calf serum (FCS) or charcoal-treated FCS (CT-FCS) from Day 5 of development was investigated to determine if either in vitro or post-transfer development was altered. Development to the compact morula stage or beyond was similar for all(More)
Genomic imprinting, where only one of the two parental genes is expressed, occurs in many phyla. In mammals, however, this phenomenon has been primarily studied in mice, and to a lesser extent, in humans. To understand how genomic imprinting may affect development in other species, particularly those with a different mode of placental development from mice(More)
It has previously been reported that ovine embryos cultured in Synthetic Oviduct Fluid medium supplemented with 20% human serum (SOF+HS) develop into lambs with a high birth weight. We have investigated this phenomenon by culturing ovine zygotes in SOF+HS or a serum-free version of Synthetic Oviduct Fluid with BSA and amino acids (SOFaaBSA) in place of(More)
Several studies have shown that both quiescent and proliferating somatic donor cells can be fully reprogrammed after nuclear transfer (NT) and result in viable offspring. So far, however, no comparative study has conclusively demonstrated the relative importance of donor cell cycle stage on nuclear cloning efficiency. Here, we compare two different types of(More)
Protein content was measured in zona-free bovine oocytes and pre-elongation stage embryos, following in vitro maturation, fertilisation, and then culture in Synthetic Oviduct Fluid medium supplemented with amino acids and 8 mg ml(-1) bovine serum albumin (BSA). Values (ng embryo(-1)) of 122 +/- 7.8, 137 +/- 8.6, 111 +/- 8.8, 115 +/- 10.4, 139 +/- 9.0 and(More)
The effect of inhibiting ATP production via oxidative phosphorylation during pericompaction of in vitro produced bovine embryos was investigated. This was achieved by: (i) varying the atmospheric O2 concentration (0, 1, 2, 4 and 7%); (ii) addition of oxidative phosphorylation inhibitors, NaN3 and antimycin A; and (iii) addition of 2,4-dinitrophenol, an(More)
Cryopreservation is a valuable technique for aquaculture as it enables a library or bank of genetically valuable animals to be maintained in a cost-effective manner. Here, we describe a method to cryopreserve the sperm of the Greenshell™ mussel (Perna canaliculus) and how to use the sperm post-thawing to maximize larval production from thawed sperm in(More)